In addition to...................these are Coastal/Littorals patrol aircraft.................
In addition to...................these are Coastal/Littorals patrol aircraft.................
Navy rules out deploying ‘overweight’ Tejas on aircraft carriers
india Updated: Dec 03, 2016 08:10 IST
Indian Navy [CC BY 2.5 in or CC BY 2.5 in], via Wikimedia Commons
The navy has ruled out deploying indigenously built light combat aircraft Tejas on its aircraft carriers, saying it is “not being able to meet the requirements”.
Citing “overweight” as one of the reasons for ruling out Tejas for India’s aircraft carriers, Admiral Sunil Lanba, Chief of Naval Staff, said the navy is looking at procuring an alternative aircraft.
“As far as the carrier-based aircraft is concerned, we need it in a time line of the induction of the aircraft carrier. We have the MiG 29K, which operates from Vikramaditya and will operate from (indigenous aircraft carrier) IAC Vikrant.
“We were also hoping to operate the LCA (Light Combat Aircraft-Tejas) from these two aircraft carriers.
“Unfortunately, the LCA is not being able to meet the carrier’s required capability. That is why we need an alternative aircraft to operate from these two aircraft carriers,” Lanba said.
He said that at the moment the navy is in the process of identifying the aircraft that will meet its requirements.
“If you look around the world, there are not too many options available and we need this carrier-capable aircraft sooner than later. So, I am looking at next five-six years,” he said.
LCA-Tejas is an indigenously built fighter aircraft and has been inducted into the Indian Air Force.
Lanba said the navy is still encouraging India’s Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) to develop the Naval LCA.
The naval chief said that it is also looking at UAVs which can operate from ships and autonomous sub-surface vehicles for surveillance.
Rafale-M, Super Hornet or F-35C. Crack on.
Rafale-M makes the most sense for India.
In a low speed post-merge manoeuvring fight, with a high off-boresight 4th generation missile and Helmet Mounted Display, the Super Hornet will be a very difficult opponent for any current Russian fighter, even the Su-27/30
Agreed, but we all know common sense and Indian Defence procurement rarely, if ever, meet.
It is by will alone I set my mind in motion.
It is by the juice of sapho that thoughts acquire speed,
the lips acquire stains, the stains become a warning.
It is by will alone I set my mind in motion.
INS Betwa Slips At Naval Dockyard
(Source: Hindustan Times; published Dec 05, 2016)
By Presley Thomas
The Indian Navy frigate Betwa lies on its side at the Naval Dockyard in Mumbai after it rolled over this morning during undocking maneuvers. Two sailors are missing and 14 suffered minor injuries, the Indian navy said. (Twitter photo)
MUMBAI --- INS Betwa, a front-line Brahmaputra-class frigate of the Indian Navy, which was undergoing refit at the Naval Dockyard in Mumbai slipped on the dock blocks while the vessel was being undocked around 1.50pm on Monday.
Two sailors are reported to be missing. Search operations to track them are underway.
Fourteen sailors suffered minor injuries in the incident, said Captain DK Sharma Indian Navy spokesperson.
While an enquiry will be launched into what exactly caused the vessel to slip, the extent of damage is being assessed by navy officials.
Explaining the situation, Captain Sharma said that the 126-metre-long, 3,850-tonne ship, tipped over while it was being undocked. The mast of the ship hit the dockyard ground, he said.
INS Betwa had run aground in January 2014 and collided with an unidentified object that led to a crack in its sonar system, and had also seen saltwater ingress into sensitive equipment.
-- January 2014: In the first week of January, INS Betwa reported a rupture on the surface of its sonar dome and had to be dry-docked for investigation
-- January 2014: INS Sindhughosh, a Kilo-class submarine, temporarily touched the ground while on its way back to the Mumbai harbour as the tide began receding during its entry. It was later pulled alongside. No damage was reported
-- December 2013: The engine room of INS Konkan, a minesweeper, caught fire in Vizag
-- December 2013: A fishing vessel sank after colliding with INS Talwar near Ratnagiri district
-- August 2013: INS Sindhurakshak exploded inside the dockyard, killing all on board. The Kilo-class submarine later sank.
Indian Navy receives 12th Car Nicobar-class patrol vessel
Ridzwan Rahmat, Singapore - IHS Jane's Defence Weekly
23 December 2016
The Indian Navy has taken delivery of its 12th Car Nicobar-class patrol vessel from Garden Reach Shipbuilders & Engineers (GRSE).
The boat, which will be the future INS Tillanchang with pennant number T 92, was handed over on 21 December at GRSE's facilities in Kolkata.
The platform is part of a four-ship programme, known locally as the 'follow on waterjet fast attack craft' (FOWJFAC), which aims to equip the Indian Navy with an improved variant of earlier Car Nicobar-class patrol boats that were commissioned between 2009 and 2011.
The 320-tonne vessel is powered by three MTU 4000 series engines, and propelled by three Hamilton waterjets, giving it a top speed of 35 kt, and a standard range of 2,000 n miles at 13 kt.
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India to launch second Scorpene
11th January 2017 - 16:14
by Rohit C Silva in New Delhi
At a time when the Indian Navy (IN) is grappling with declining undersea warfare capabilities the government owned Mazagon Dock Shipbuilders Limited (MDL) will launch the second of six Scorpene-class submarines on 12 January.
The $3.5 billion programme of work has seen French shipbuilder DCNS provide the technology to Mumbai-based MDL to build the boats.
The Khanderi is being floated out barely five months after a public disclosure of sensitive Scorpene data was thought to have almost compromised the platform and undermined India’s maritime security. The launch is an indication that August leak detailing the submarines combat capabilities has not upset the calculations of India’s maritime planners.
‘People were on tenterhooks for several weeks after the leak but it didn’t turn out to be as scandalous as it first seemed. The navy carried out its assessment and found whatever had been put out in the public domain wasn’t that serious,’ senior officials said.
The Khanderi will now undergo trials this year before commissioning. The first of the six Scorpene boats, Kalvari*(pictured above), is expected to be commissioned by March 2017, five years later than expected after delays in technology transfer.
Once the Kalvari joins the Indian fleet the remaining five submarines will be commissioned after an interval of nine months each, officials said, with all delivered by 2020.
The last two of the six boats will not have AIP as was originally planned with the Indian Defence Research and Development Organisation failing to deliver the technology on time. Navy sources said the AIP could be retrofitted on the submarines if required.
However, India’s submarine programme is running many years behind schedule. According to its 30-year submarine building effort, approved in 1999, a fleet of 24 submarines is planned for but the Kalvari will be the first boat to roll out under its aims.
The navy currently operates nine Russian Kilo-class submarines, four German HDW-class 209 boats, an Akula II nuclear powered attack submarine leased from Russia and INS Arihant, an indigenously built nuclear powered ballistic missile submarine.
As part of the submarine building plan India plans to construct six additional submarines under a $10 billion programme called Project 75 (India).*
Shephard understands the service has carried out capacity assessment of eight public and private sector shipyards to determine if they are capable of undertaking the project.
A string of global shipbuilders are exploring the possibility of building a second line of submarines in India in collaboration with a domestic shipyard.
Industry and government sources said the competition for P-75I could be among DCNS with an advanced version of Scorpene, HDW’s Class 214, Russia's Amur 1650 submarines, Saab Kockums’ A26 platform and Spain’s Navantia S-80 class.
India is also on track to lease a second nuclear powered attack submarine from Russia. The $2 billion deal will another Akula II inducted in 2021 at the time when INS Chakra, also a leased Akula II boat, is to be returned to Russia. INS Chakra was commissioned into the Indian Navy in April 2012.
The country is undergoing a rapid programme of works to refit, equip and deploy*a range of maritime and naval assets, including P-8i patrol aircraft.
No Torpedoes for India's Second Scorpene Submarine
By: Vivek Raghuvanshi, January 12, 2017
NEW DELHI*—*India has launched the second French Scorpene-class*submarine, but the*Khanderi*will not be equipped with torpedoes because the $200 million tender to buy them remains undecided by the Ministry of Defense (MoD) since it was created five years ago.
The MoD has put on hold the acquisition of 98 Black Shark heavyweight torpedoes, to be mounted on Scorpene submarines from WASS, a subsidiary of Italian firm Leonardo.
Plans to procure Black Shark torpedoes for the Indian Navy from*WASS was canceled in May, an MoD spokesman confirmed with Defense News last year.*The decision came in the wake of*corruption charges involving another subsidiary of Leonardo,*AgustaWestland and the Indian National Congress political party.
With the Khanderi's launch on Thursday, the sub is set to undergo rigorous trials until the end of the year. When the trials are over, the sub will be commissioned into the Indian Navy as INS Khanderi, an Indian Navy official explained.
The MoD expects the sub to be delivered to the Navy by mid-2017.
"The force strength of submarines is very low at this point. The reason for this situation is the closure of Shisumar (German HDW) class project and delay in the Scorpene project. The existing submarines are less than 25 years old. With this background, launch of the second submarine at [state-owned Mazagon Dock Limited]*MDL is of great importance," retired Indian Navy Captain*Shyam Kumar Singh offered.
However, Anil Jai Singh, a retired Indian Navy commodore and defense analyst, believes there is still room for improvement in India's submarine industry. "Submarine construction in India will truly come of age when we are able to design and build our own submarines. The first two Scorpene submarines have been built in India to complete specifications provided by DCNS France. In this case, most of the submarine is imported with some indigenous content," he said.
The Khanderi is part of six Scorpene-class submarines being built by MDL under a $3.5 billion contract signed in 2004 between India and DCNS of France.
The Scorpene-building program is behind by more than three years and its cost has escalated by more than $1 billion. The first of the six Scorpene-class subs, Kalvari, is at sea but is yet to be officially inducted, the Indian Navy official noted.
The program's delay has been attributed by MoD officials to low-level absorption of complex technology during its early years, augmentation of MDL infrastructure and procurement of MDL-purchased material.
An Australian newspaper on Aug. 24, 2016, reported that thousands of pages of presumably secret submarine documents were on the loose. The news threatened the operational security of India’s new Scorpene-class submarines, prompting India's MoD to*decide against mounting French air-independent propulsion systems on the last of the two Scorpene subs, leaving the possibility of additional orders remote.
"Considering the time frame of first submarine to be commissioned by 2018 and optimistically one every year, the current program will go on till 2023. Placement of further orders with old specifications may not be prudent at this stage," Singh said.
The strength of the Indian Navy's submarines has dwindled from a total of*21 submarines in the 1980s to 13 conventional submarines plus one homemade Arihant-class nuclear submarine and one Russian Akula-class submarine operating on lease. China, in comparison, has a strength of 65 subs, which "is a matter concern," the Indian Navy official said.
India Launches Second Scorpene Submarine, but Capacity Pressures Still Haunt Navy
(Source: Forecast International; issued Jan 23, 2017)
By Dan Darling
With India’s submarine capacity dwindling, small rays of sunshine are beginning to appear in the distance. The launching on January 12 of the second in a six-boat class of French-designed Project 75 Scorpene attack submarines (SSKs) marks another small, slow step in building up a capable submarine arm that has dangerously atrophied over the years.
During the 1980s, the Indian Navy submarine inventory numbered 21 vessels, while today it features just 13 conventional submarines, plus one indigenous nuclear-powered ballistic missile (SSBN) submarine, the Arihant. Another boat, the Russian Akula-class Chakra, is leased and used only for training purposes.
This limited inventory is pitted against a growing Chinese submarine capacity already numbering 65 vessels. Furthermore, China’s Navy is now moving more and more into the domain seen by the Indian Navy as its remit – the Indian Ocean Region (IOR). An ever-increasing Chinese presence in the IOR may be considered a natural byproduct of extended Chinese maritime commercial and supply links and its growing naval arm, but it nonetheless requires greater surveillance and elicits concern in Indian naval circles.
The six-submarine Project 75 Scorpene is seen as but one of several submarine capacity correctives on the horizon for the Indian Navy. The first-in-class Kalvari is currently undergoing sea trials and is expected to be commissioned no later than 2018. This would be followed by the aforementioned second-in-class, the Khanderi, with the remainder coming online through 2023.
In addition, the Arihant-class SSBNs, part of India’s strategic forces and emerging nuclear triad, are currently expected to total five submarines, all coming into service by 2027.
Then there is the still-evolving Project 75I, which involves a six-submarine class of nuclear-powered submarines (SSNs) being pursued by the NDA government of Prime Minister Narendra Modi under the “Buy and Make (India)” procurement category. “Buy and Make (India)” requires any foreign vendor involved in the deal to provide technology transfer to a domestic Indian shipyard. The Modi government is requiring the use of private shipyards, a step in the opposite direction of the previous UPA government, which favored a strictly state-owned approach.
Wherever and however construction may occur, the limitations placed by the two governments on domestic contenders, combined with the insistence on indigenous control over the program, means the entire project continues to flounder ten years after first being cleared by the Ministry of Defense in 2007. Unfortunately for the Indian Navy and the other military service branches, such delays are the norm in India’s meandering, labyrinthine defense procurement process.
With the Indian MoD still in the process of finalizing a “strategic partnership” (SP) model to choose private domestic firms to undertake defense projects, the Project 75I submarine program continues to languish.
Perhaps most glaringly in all the giddy reports emanating from India regarding the launch of the Khanderi is the fact that the submarine – now three years behind schedule – is slated to come online without torpedoes. This is because an Indian Navy plan to procure Black Shark torpedoes from Italy’s Leonardo subsidiary, WASS, was canceled last May in the wake of corruption charges against another Leonardo subsidiary, AgustaWestland.
So, while there is some good news starting to trickle in regarding the Indian Navy’s sub program, there is also a lot to remain distressed about.
Indian navy launches search for new carrier-based fighter
26 January, 2017 SOURCE: Flightglobal.com
The Indian navy’s formal requirement for 57 multirole carrier-borne fighters (MRCBF) has been advanced via a request for information (RFI) issued by the nation’s defence ministry. Responses are due by 24 May, with the service having detailed its requirements over 59 pages of parameters and specifications.
In its RFI, the navy calls for a fighter that can undertake roles ranging from air defence and surface strike to reconnaissance and electronic warfare, and which is capable of performing “buddy” tanking. The request also expresses an interest in licence production of the aircraft with related transfer of technology.
A substantial weapons capability is also requested, in addition to the possibility of integrating existing and future weapons and avionics systems of Indian, Russian and Western origin.
Information is also being sought on whether the aircraft has a swing-role capability for the simultaneous carriage of strike weapons and air-to-air missiles. Some under-wing pylons should be capable of carrying stores weighing up to 1,500kg (3,300lb), with the ability to release weapons from an altitude of 40,000ft.
The selected type will operate from indigenously developed aircraft carriers that are currently under construction. While the first of these – to be named the INS Vikrant – features a ski-jump layout with short take-off and arrested recovery, the configuration of a second vessel has yet to be frozen.
Contenders for the MRCBF requirement are Boeing’s F/A-18E/F Super Hornet, Dassault’s Rafale M (below) and the RAC MiG-29K. The last of these types is already in Indian navy service.
New Delhi’s request for information delivers a blow to its indigenous efforts to develop a naval variant of the Tejas light combat aircraft (LCA), which have been under way since 2003. The Aeronautical Development Agency expects to begin flying LCA navy Mk2 prototypes from 2020.
The in-development naval variant of the Tejas is to feature a GE Aviation F414 engine, active electronically scanned array radar, updated avionics and flight control system, and an internal electronic warfare suite.
India’s naval aviation arm currently has two operational squadrons of MiG-29Ks. These are embarked on the aircraft carrier INS Vikramaditya and also flown from two naval air stations, on the nation’s west and east coasts. The Russian-built type will also be operated from the future INS Vikrant.