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Thread: Indian Navy matters

  1. #21

    Rs 20,000-cr Boost for Navy's Sealift, Snooping Capabilities

    (Source: Times of India; published Oct. 7, 2010)

    NEW DELHI --- In a strong booster dose to India's maritime reconnaissance and strategic sea-lift capabilities, the defence ministry has cleared the acquisition of four long-range surveillance aircraft and four big amphibious assault warships for the Navy.

    MoD sources say the two big naval projects, whose cumulative worth is Rs 20,600 crore, [approx. $4.6 billion—Ed.] were cleared by the defence acquisitions council, chaired by A K Antony, on Monday afternoon.

    The four new aircraft will be the P-8I Poseidon long-range maritime patrol aircraft, which will add to the eight such planes already contracted from Boeing under the $2.1-billion deal inked in January 2009. It will take this biggest-ever Indo-US defence deal till date past the $3-billion mark, making it even bigger, as was first reported by TOI last month.

    The entire project to acquire the four amphibious warfare ships, called Landing Platform Docks (LPDs) in naval lingo, will be worth around Rs 16,000 crore.

    The LPD project will be executed under the "buy and make" category of the Defence Procurement Procedure, which basically involves licensed indigenous manufacture in collaboration with a foreign manufacturer.

    "At least two of the LPDs will be constructed at Hindustan Shipyard Ltd (HSL) at Visakhapatnam, which was transferred from the shipping ministry to the defence ministry last year to meet national security requirements of building strategic vessels," said a source.

    Both the P-8Is and the LPDs are crucial to the Navy's long-term strategic plans. The 12 P-8I aircraft, the first of which is slated for induction by early 2013, will help India plug the existing gaps in its surveillance of the entire Indian Ocean Region.

    Armed with torpedoes, depth bombs and Harpoon missiles, apart from being packed with long-range radars and sensors, the P-8Is will also boost its anti-warship and anti-submarine warfare capabilities.

    The LPDs will significantly augment Navy's capacity to transport infantry battalions, with all their equipment, over long distances and land them on foreign shores. Apart from bolstering India's "blue-water capabilities", they can also be deployed for disaster relief operations to evacuate people or transport material.

    The Navy learnt the worth of large LPDs with the 2007 induction of the second-hand 16,900-tonne USS Trenton, rechristened INS Jalashwa, acquired from the US along with its six on-board UH-3H helicopters and four landing craft for $92.5 million.

    The 173-metre-long INS Jalashwa can be gauged from the fact it's the second-largest Indian warship after the 28,000-tonne aircraft carrier INS Viraat.


  2. #22

    “Shakti” for Indian Navy Launched at Sestri Ponente (Genova)

    (Source: Fincantieri; issued October 11, 2010)

    Today at Fincantieri’s shipyard in Sestri Ponente (Genova) there was the launching of the second of two fleet tankers ordered by the Indian Navy, with delivery scheduled by the end of the next year. Present at the ceremony were Debabrata Saha, ambassador for the Republic of India in Italy and Alberto Maestrini, head of Fincantieri Naval Vessels Business Unit. First announced at Euronaval in 2008, the order is the first surface vessel India has ever made to a European company and followed a selection procedure with strong international competitors, especially from Russia and Korea.

    At 175 metres long, 25 wide and 19 high, the fleet tanker is a supply and logistic support vessel with a displacement at full load of 27,500 tonnes and a propulsion system of two 10,000 kW diesel engines enabling her to reach a maximum speed of 20 knots. Notable features of the vessel are its propulsion system incorporating a shaft with adjustable pitch propellers and a flight deck for medium weight helicopters (up to 10 tons).
    Maximum passenger capacity is 250 including crew and additional forces.

    Equipped with double hatches the tanker can refuel four vessels at the same time.

    In accordance with the new Marpol regulations of the International Maritime Organization regarding protection of the environment, the ship has been built with a double hull. This will afford greater protection to the fuel tanks, thereby avoiding the risk of pollution in case of collision or damage.

    Cooperation with India started in 2004 when Fincantieri drew up two contracts with Cochin shipyard for the design of an engine (one of the most powerful non-nuclear propulsion systems in the world), technology transfer and provision of complementary services for the construction of the Indigenous Aircraft Carrier (IAC). Furthermore, in 2007 the company delivered the “Sagar Nidhi”, an oceanographic vessel for the National Institute of Ocean Technology (NIOT) of Madras, which is already operating off the Indian coast to the great satisfaction of the customer.

    Fincantieri considers the East market and the development of cooperation with the high prestige Indian partner to be strategic, as witnessed by two events – the opening in recent years of a representative office in New Delhi and the company’s participation every year at the leading naval fair, “Defexpo”.


  3. #23

    Indian MoD Announces More Competition in Naval Shipbuilding

    Three Indian Navy frigates during a multi-national naval exercise.

    Antony: “Depending heavily on foreign countries is not good for us”

    09:53 GMT, November 16, 2010 defpro.com | India’s Defence Minister Shri A.K. Antony plans to give fresh impetus to the Indian shipbuilding sector by allowing privately held Indian shipyards to participate in naval procurement tenders and, thereby, create greater competition in a market which was previously reserved to so-called Public Sector Undertakings (PSU) or foreign manufacturers. According to Antony, 65 to 70 per cent of the Indian defence equipment is currently being imported. His plan is to “reverse this trend”.

    However, to bring a change to the defence segment, which is still dominated by state-run defence manufacturers, a new government policy for procurement of new equipment is required. In a speech on Thursday, in which Antony announced this major shift, he said: “January 2011 onwards we hope to introduce the new Defence Production Policy as well as the Defence Procurement Policy. [...] We are going to take some more drastic steps to achieve our goal of speedy indigenisation.” According to Anthony, this policy change towards an equal public-private competition in government procurement programmes will initially be limited to the Navy and would then gradually be extended to procurement procedures of the Army and Air Force.

    Antony stated that the government’s aim is to support a strong indigenous defence industrial base and emphasised: “a country like India cannot indefinitely depend on foreign suppliers for majority of our equipments.” The process of indigenisation as yet was focussed on strengthening PSUs in their efforts to develop and manufacture defence equipment. However, many national procurement programmes have been troubled by delays, increasing costs and technical problems.

    As defpro.com reported earlier this year, the Ministry of Defence and India’s Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) exchanged blows in a general dispute on the delays in procurement programmes (see http://goo.gl/5D0fO). After the DRDO was criticised for various delays in defence projects, the organisation’s chief, V K Saraswat, defended the DRDO’s performance and accused, in particular, the Armed Forces of preferring the procurement of existing, foreign solutions over indigenously developed and manufactured defence systems. “The services also must understand that while the temptation may be overwhelming to field proven, state-of-the-art imported systems, they (domestic industry) too have a role to play in the economic and industrial growth of the country. No foreign system can be customised to completely address our long term requirement,” he said in May.

    In a written statement to members of the Parliament of India in early May, the Defence Minister laid out the delays and increases of costs of prominent defence programmes. These include the Tejas light combat aircraft (4 years delay), the development of a naval light combat aircraft (more than 4 years delay), the Integrated Guided Missile Development Programme (more than 15 years delay) as well as the engine for the light combat aircraft (14 years delay) (More details at http://goo.gl/s7xaz, “Delayed Projects of DRDO”). Minister of State for Defence Shri MM Pallam Raju also put his finger on this weak spot by pointing out the need of competitive and reliable PSU’s and Ordinance Factories (OFs), adding: “We should strive hard in ensuring adherence to delivery schedules so that our Defence PSUs and OFs will also emerge as reliable global players in the field of Defence Production.”

    Ongoing huff between the Defence Ministry and the DRDO, OFs and PSUs may be a unique chance for privately held Indian defence companies to get their foot in the door and take advantage of a more competitive national market. It will furthermore open up opportunities for foreign investment in Indian companies, in particular in shipyards, and far-reaching industrial co-operation with international partners. This may also increase technological capabilities and knowhow of Indian companies and create additional jobs.

    Antony clearly outlined the path for both PSUs and the private sector to begin as of next year: “There is no option, but to remain globally competitive and efficient and not rest on past laurels, or achievements. Both the Defence PSUs and the private sector must carve out respective niches for themselves, by developing their own fields of specialisation. These specialisations must complement each other’s efforts and thus generate an even more healthier and competitive environment.

    In light of comprehensive plans to restructure the DRDO, in order to make the organisation more effective and to create a greater Armed Forces-DRDO-industry interface, the new policies must achieve a structural and political environment which allows the private sector to join research and development activities with interest to national security and to receive a transparent access to government procurement programmes. In his speech, Antony stressed the need for R&D and constant coordination between the DRDO and the Industry Partners. Thus, the mammoth political task of transforming the DRDO into a sustainable organisation for future Armed Forces requirements is being increased by the effort to converge the interests of the public and the private sector.

    By Nicolas von Kospoth, Managing Editor

  4. #24

    Delay in Joint Defence Projects with Russia

    (Source: Press Information Bureau India; issued November 24, 2010)

    The induction of the aircraft carrier Gorshkov/Vikramaditya has been delayed due to requirement of additional works and change in the scope of trials.

    The additional works will increase the service life of the aircraft carrier significantly. The delivery of the aircraft carrier has been rescheduled for December 2012.

    The procurement of modern weapon systems is undertaken as per the approved requirements of the Armed Forces in terms of capabilities sought and time frame prescribed, from various indigenous as well as foreign sources, including Russia, in accordance with the Defence Procurement Procedure.

    This information was given by Defence Minister Shri AK Antony in a written reply to Shri Shyamal Chakraborty in Rajya Sabha today.


  5. #25

    Hiccups in Indigenous Aircraft Carrier project: Navy Chief

    New Delhi, Dec 2 (PTI)

    Admitting ''hiccups'' in India's Indigenous Aircraft Carrier (IAC) project, Navy Chief Admiral Nirmal Verma today said the 40,000-tonne warship could not be launched this year because of delays in supply of equipment, but it would be ready for sea trials by 2014.

    "The IAC was to be launched this year and because of some indigenous equipment that could not be supplied on time the launch has been delayed. We are expecting it (launch) by the middle of next year, as things stand," he said at the annual press conference ahead of Navy Day on December 4.

    "But at the same time, efforts are on to compress the time frames by ensuring that the amount of outfitting on the warship is much more than earlier envisaged, so we cut down on time. We expect to put it out at sea by 2014," he said.

    The Navy Chief said since India was building an aircraft carrier for the first time, a lot of trial and error took place during construction."We should graduate to sea trial stage where one can say ...the target is 2014," he added.

    On the Navy's future acquisition and capability enhancement programmes, Verma said there were 36 ships and submarines on order in various Indian shipyards and that these programmes were largely on track.

    Among the major projects were the IAC in Kochi and the refurbishment of INS Vikramaditya (erstwhile Russian Admiral Gorshkov aircraft carrier), both of which were "progressing satisfactorily and going well."

    "Vikramaditya's induction has been delayed due to increase in the scope of work, which consequently led to unavoidable upward revision in price. But, there has been progress in the past few months. All efforts are being made to ensure 'Vikramaditya' will be delivered to us by December 2012," he added.

    Verma pointed out that India's first stealth frigate INS Shivalik had been commissioned and two more ships of this class would be commissioned soon."Other projects in pipeline are Kolkata class destroyers, four advanced anti-submarine Corvettes and six Scorpene class submarines, four modern fast patrol vessels and a sail training ship are at various stages of construction," he added.

    In the Shivalik class, MDL will be delivering the second ship in the line to the Navy in a few months from now.He said orders for five Offshore Patrol Vessels and two cadet training ships had been placed at private shipyards.

    "We had smaller ships being constructed, but in terms of size, this is a first as far as Indian Navy is concerned (to be built at a private yard) and we have told them to deliver on time and within costs," he noted.

  6. #26

    Indian Navy Sees Midget Submarines as Primary Threat

    (Source: Forecast International; issued December 7, 2010)

    Same submarine out of the water..........captured in June 1998...............

    NEW DELHI --- The Indian Navy and Coast Guard believe that improvised mini-submarines constitute the nation's primary emerging threat. These may range from swimmer-delivery vehicles of the type employed for recreational scuba diving to remotely operated vehicles and autonomous underwater vehicles. These types of vehicles are already in service with the navies of Iran, Myanmar and Pakistan (all having procured them from North Korea).

    As has been amply demonstrated by the navies of North Korea and Iran, these small vessels make good platforms for ambushes even at submerged depths of 150 feet, enough room for the midget submersible to maneuver. These submarines cannot travel too far on their own, and depend on support vessels to extend their range. However, in their shallow water element where sonar returns are cluttered, they can prove quiet and deadly. Their capabilities include the ability to lay mines or insert commandos on beaches.

    As North Korea demonstrated with the sinking of the Cheonan, attacks from midget submersibles can also include torpedoes armed with 250-kilogram warheads.

    The Indian Navy believes that two factors heighten the risk of an ambush by midget submarines against Indian warships. These are the complex sonar picture of shallow water where these small submersibles can operate, and the absence of a network of seabed-mounted sonar transducers dotting the Indian coastline. With the exception of Port Blair, none of the 200 non-major ports in India are equipped with any identification or surveillance systems, and there are currently no concrete ground rules for patrolling India’s inshore coastal areas and the numerous creeks and rivulets along the coastline.

    In early 2009, the Indian Navy proposed that a Maritime Security Adviser (MSA) be appointed, along with a supporting Maritime Security Advisory Board (MSAB), to take stock of the growing oceanic influence on India’s foreign policy. The intention was for the MSAB to coordinate the operations of more than 14 government departments and agencies responsible for various elements of maritime affairs with several security agencies with jurisdictions along India’s coastline. This proposal has not been adopted.

    N Korean semi-sumersible carrying two torpedoes........similar "rumoured" to be in-service with Bangladesh and Pakistan

    Last edited by buglerbilly; 08-12-10 at 02:45 PM.

  7. #27

    Defence ministry talks deal with Russian firm to overcome MiG shortfall

    Published: Thursday, Dec 9, 2010, 0:16 IST

    By Suman Sharma | Place: New Delhi | Agency: DNA

    The ministry of defence (MoD) is negotiating price for a draft supplement agreement (DSA) with Russia’s RAC-MiG Corporation to buy additional equipment to overcome the teething problems it is facing in keeping its MiG-29K fleet flying.

    MiG-29K aircraft, which were inducted into Indian Navy in February 2010, have been suffering tyre bursts whenever emergency brakes are applied during landing. Emergency brakes are applied whenever there is hydraulic failure and DSA is expected to solve this problem.

    A naval officer said, “Emergency application is jamming brakes and increasing the risk of tyre skidding, and eventually bursting.”
    DSA will entail supply of ground support items and spares and ensure life-long serviceability.

    MiG-29K have fly-by-wire controls with quadruple redundancy and are an all-weather carrier-based multi-role fighter aircraft based on INS Hansa off Goa.

    The navy has six such aircraft which are undergoing flying-training at its Goa-based intensive flying training unit. All these are under warranty.

    As per MoD’s first contract with RAC-MiG, 16 such aircraft are to join the navy. A second contract for an additional 29 MiG-29K was cleared by the cabinet earlier this year, making it a fleet of 45.

    DSA will be life long and apply to all MiG-29K.

    Earlier this month, a MiG-29K suffered hydraulic failure, forcing the pilot to apply emergency brakes while landing on INS Hansa, which resulted in a tyre burst. But a source said such failures have been happening ever since the aircraft were inducted into the navy.

  8. #28

    Indian warship sunk during 'day at sea' for military families

    The heavily armed Indian navy frigate was equipped to do battle with enemy battleships and submarines, but it went up in flames as soon as it was hit … not by a torpedo or enemy vessel, mind you, but by a merchant ship.

    The sinking of the INS Vindhyagiri, a 3,000-ton warship, marked the worst-ever peacetime loss for the Indian navy, Indian Express reported, adding that it’s also pretty embarrassing.

    The warship was returning from a “day at sea” for families of sailors and officers and was entering the Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust off the coast of Mumbai on Sunday afternoon, the website said.

    Video taken by a passenger aboard the INS Vindhyagiri caught the collision as it unfolded. Those aboard the navy ship can be seen scurrying nervously as the merchant vessel approaches the frigate.

    The Cyprus-flagged MV Nordlake, which was leaving the harbor, narrowly missed another container vessel, the MV Sea Eagle, and as it turned to avoid the Sea Eagle, it slammed into the frigate.

    The collision cracked the warship's hull near the waterline. Water rushed in, and a fire broke out in the engine room, the Indian Express reported.

    The Mumbai Mirror reported that the Navy attempted to put out the blaze, but the added water served only to sink the ship faster.

    The ship was towed into the harbor, but it sank Monday afternoon. Police said they planned to arrest the Nordlake’s captain, according to the Indian Express.

    Vindhyagiri seen in better days

    The last Indian Naval Ship sunk was lost in similar circumstances, the INS Prahar, a Pauk class missile corvette was lost.

    On April 22, 2006 INS Prahar collided with a container ship MV Rajiv Gandhi, and sank off the coast of Goa. No one was injured in the accident. The commanding officer of the ship, Lieutenant Commander Yogesh Tripathi was found guilty of negligence by an Indian Navy court-martial, and dismissed from service.


    It is by will alone I set my mind in motion.
    It is by the juice of sapho that thoughts acquire speed,
    the lips acquire stains, the stains become a warning.
    It is by will alone I set my mind in motion.

  9. #29

    Indian Navy planning to induct four Landing Platform Docks

    09:49 GMT, February 14, 2011

    In order to add more teeth to its amphibious warfare capabilities, the Indian Navy is planning to induct four Landing Platform Docks (LPD) to join the fleet alongside INS Jalashwa.

    "We are looking to add four more LPDs in our fleet to operate alongside INS Jalashwa, the only LPD currently in service," Navy officials told the news agency.

    The procurement procedure has already begun with the release of the Request for Information (RFI) by the Defence Ministry, they said.

    The four warships would be procured under the Buy and make (Indian) category of the Defence procurement procedure under which the Indian shipyards, both private and public, would be required to form a partnership with foreign shipyards for the contract.

    The navy wants the ships to be produced within the country itself and has sought response only from Indian shipyards, having their own infrastructure and capability of building LPD class of ships, they said.

    On the procurement of warships, officials said the LPDs provide the Navy strategic reach to operate far away from Indian shores and support amphibious warfare.

    The Navy wants the ships to be 200 metres long and to be able to transport Main Battle tanks (MBTs), heavy trucks, Armoured Personnel Vehicles and other heavy machinery.

    It should also be able to carry out operations of heavy-lift helicopters of the Navy, the officials said.

    The four LPDs will also have a point missile defence system and a close-in weapon system to protect itself from enemy firing and aircraft.

    In 2007, India had inducted the INS Jalashwa - a Sanskrit name for Hippopotamus, which is a replenishment and amphibious warfare ship with capacity to embark, transport and land a 1,000-men battalion along with equipment and tanks to support operations on enemy shores.

    Being the second largest ship in the Navy inventory after aircraft carrier INS Viraat, Jalashwa is also capable of undertaking maritime surveillance, special operations, search and rescue, medical support as well as humanitarian aid.

    Jalashwa was originally commissioned in the US Navy as USS Trenton and had served for 36 years when India bought it for USD 48.4 million in 2007.

    It is based under the Eastern Naval Command in Visakhapatnam. (DD India/ST)

  10. #30


    SOURCE:Flight International

    Indian navy issues maritime patrol, amphibian requests

    By Greg Waldron

    The Indian navy has issued requests for information for a medium-range maritime reconnaissance aircraft and nine twin-engined multi-role amphibians.

    The first requirement foresees an aircraft capable of maritime patrol, anti-surface warfare, electronic intelligence and search and rescue. It must have two engines and be capable of all-weather operations.

    Boeing confirms that it has proposed a variant of its 737-based P-8I for the role, and an industry source says Sweden's Saab has also pitched the Saab 2000 maritime patrol aircraft.

    In regard to performance, the selected aircraft must be able to patrol for at least 4h while 740km (400nm) from its base carrying a "full mission configuration" with a minimum of two anti-ship missiles. The aircraft must also be capable of being refuelled while airborne.

    The RFI calls for a radar capable of 360° coverage that can detect and track "surface vessels, ships, submarine periscopes and low flying aircraft/missiles against sea clutter".

    In 2009, India cancelled a request for proposals for six medium-range maritime patrol aircraft to replace its 12 Britten-Norman Group BN-2 Islanders, which the navy hopes to begin retiring from around 2013. One of the aircraft competing in the earlier tender was a maritime patrol variant of the Embraer EMB-145. The Indian air force will soon receive three EMB-145s for the airborne early warning and control role.

    The amphibian RFI calls for an aircraft with twin or multiple engines, preferably turboprops, equipped with full authority digital engine control and a range of at least 800nm. The aircraft must also be capable of short take-offs and landings from both the ocean surface and runways.

    Other roles the aircraft will perform are supplying spare parts to naval units at sea, visual and radar surveillance of coastal areas and islands, and rapid response missions for humanitarian assistance. A cargo door capable of handling an inflatable rescue dingy is also required.

    Notably, the RFI outlines an extensive electronic warfare suite, including forward-looking infrared sensor, sideways looking airborne radar, radar warning receiver and missile approach warning system.

    Possible contenders for the amphibian requirement could include the Bombardier 415 and Beriev Be-200.

    India is in the process of upgrading its maritime patrol capabilities. It will receive its first of eight P-8Is before January 2013 to replace its Tupolev Tu-142 turboprops. It also recently commissioned its second unmanned air vehicle squadron, which will operate Israel Aerospace Industries-supplied Herons and Searcher IIs over the northern Arabian Sea.

    India faces a challenging maritime environment in the Arabian Sea, Indian Ocean and Bay of Bengal. Piracy is a problem in the Indian Ocean, while potential rival China has access to ports in countries such as Myanmar and Sri Lanka.

    In May 2010, India's air force issued an RFI for amphibious aircraft for deployment in the Andaman and Nicobar islands

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