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Thread: China’s Navy Gets Its Act Together, and Gets Aggressive

  1. #371

    I can still access everything?

  2. #372

    China's Liaoning carrier group ventures into West Pacific for first time

    Andrew Tate, London - IHS Jane's Defence Weekly

    30 December 2016


    The PLAN has deployed its Liaoning carrier group for the first time beyond the First Island Chain. Source: CCTV

    China's People's Liberation Army Navy (PLAN) has for the first time deployed its Liaoning carrier group beyond the First Island Chain.

    The carrier group is thought to have commenced its transit into the West Pacific on 23 December and passed through the Miyako Strait south of the Japanese island of Okinawa on 25 December.

    The progress of Liaoning and her supporting escorts was monitored by a frigate and Lockheed Martin P-3C Orion maritime patrol aircraft of the Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force (JMSDF) as well as by Taiwanese assets.

    The PLAN ships sailed to the east of Taiwan and subsequently passed through the Bashi Channel to the north of the Philippines before heading west to port facilities on China's Hainan Island.

    Photographs posted on Chinese online forums show that the carrier was berthed alongside at the naval base south of Sanya by 28th December.

    During the transit Liaoning was accompanied by a Luyang III-class (Type 052D) destroyer ( Changsha ), two Luyang II-class (Type 052C) destroyers ( Zhengzhou and Haikou ) and two Jiangkai II-class (Type 054A) frigates ( Yantai and Linyi ).

    Before crossing the First Island Chain a Jiangdao-class (Type 056) corvette and a Type 903A replenishment ship were also in company but these appear not to have passed through the Miyako Strait.

    Photographs taken of aircraft on the flight deck of Liaoning prior to the transit showed that at least 13 Shenyang Aircraft Corporation J-15 fighters were embarked, as well as at least one Z-18 helicopter, though it is not clear whether this was an airborne early warning or an anti-submarine warfare variant.

    The JMSDF reported that a Z-9C helicopter was monitored flying in the vicinity of Miyako Island but no other flying operations were reported. Photographs taken by a JMSDF P-3C showed no aircraft on the deck of Liaoning during the transit, although they were evident after arrival in Sanya.

    (336 of 531 words)

  3. #373

    More on this..................

    China's carrier replenishment ship begins sea trials

    Andrew Tate, London - IHS Jane's Defence Weekly

    30 December 2016


    The PLAN's new Type 901 replenishment ship commenced sea trials on 18 December. Source: Credit: Via FYJS.cn

    The People's Liberation Army Navy's (PLAN's) new Type 901 replenishment ship commenced sea trials on 18 December, according to Chinese media.

    The 45,000-tonne vessel, which was built at Guangzhou Shipyard International's Longxue shipyard on the Pearl River, is expected to provide logistics support to the PLAN's nascent carrier force.

    Photographic evidence of the ship's construction emerged in late 2015, not long before it was launched on 15 December 2015. It is equipped with three gantries and a fourth high-point structure port side aft, configured with five hose rigs for liquid refuelling on the port side and four on the starboard side. The central gantry provides a transfer station for solids on each side.

    The ability to have multiple hoses connected will enable the Type 901 to not only provide aviation fuel and fuel oil to the carrier simultaneously, but also minimise the duration of each replenishment serial: a potentially hazardous evolution which limits the carrier's manoeuvrability and precludes it from operating aircraft.

    The Type 901 will be able to refuel a carrier from its port side and, when fully worked-up, the ship will also be able to simultaneously refuel one of the carrier's destroyer/frigate escorts on its starboard side.

    Replenishment of solids can be expected to include food and equipment spares, as well as air-launched munitions.

    Propulsion of the Type 901 is thought to be provided by four QC280 gas turbines, each delivering 28 MW, enabling the ship to achieve a maximum speed of about 25 kt. This is significantly faster than the Fuchi-class (Type 903A). The speed is needed for the Type 901 to keep pace with the carrier and its escorts.

    Refuelling conventionally powered carriers may be required every 3-4 days if conducting intensive flying operations requiring the carrier to operate near its maximum speed for extended periods.

    (323 of 420 words)

  4. #374

    China commissions 23rd Type 054A frigate into East Sea Fleet

    Ridzwan Rahmat, Singapore - IHS Jane's Navy International

    30 December 2016

    Key Points
    • China has commissioned its 23rd Type 054A frigate
    • Induction bolsters anti-surface, anti-submarine capabilities of East Sea Fleet



    The People's Liberation Army Navy (PLAN) has commissioned its 23rd Type 054A Jiangkai II-class guided-missile frigate into the service's East Sea Fleet.

    The vessel, which has been named Binzhou with pennant number 515, was inducted on 29 December in Zhoushan, in China's Zhejiang province, according to a report carried by China Central Television (CCTV) on the same day.

    According to IHS Jane's Fighting Ships , the 3,500-tonne Jiangkai II class features an overall length of 134 m, an overall beam of 16 m, and a draught of 5 m.

    (108 of 307 words)

  5. #375

    Jiangnan shipyard launches another Type 052D destroyer

    Andrew Tate, London - IHS Jane's Defence Weekly

    30 December 2016



    China's Jiangnan Shipyard on Changxing Island launched its 10th Luyang III-class (Type 052D) destroyer for the People's Liberation Army Navy (PLAN) on 26 December.

    Built under cover, the ship was launched by shiplift, and joins six others that are either being fitted out in the basin or on sea trials. Of these, hull 5, which was launched in August 2014, is expected to be commissioned imminently.

    A further three Type 052D destroyers are under construction at the Dalian shipyard.

    (79 words)

  6. #376

    At the rate they are pumping out ships Henry Ford would be proud.
    Unicorn

    It is by will alone I set my mind in motion.
    It is by the juice of sapho that thoughts acquire speed,
    the lips acquire stains, the stains become a warning.
    It is by will alone I set my mind in motion.

  7. #377

    China resumes production of Yuan-class submarines

    Andrew Tate, London - IHS Jane's Defence Weekly

    05 January 2017


    Three Yuan-class submarines being fitted out at China's Wuchang Shipyard in Wuhan, central China. Source: Via top81.cn

    Images posted on Chinese online forums in December show three new Yuan-class (Type 039B) patrol submarines being fitted out in the water at the Wuchang Shipyard in Wuhan, central China: a clear indication that China has resumed production of these diesel-electric boats after a near-three-year hiatus.

    The latest of the three submarines appears to have been launched around 12 December, according to online forums.

    The initial variant of the Yuan class (Type 039A) entered service in 2006. Overall length is 77 m with a beam of 8.4 m, displacing around 2,700 tonnes when on the surface and 3,600 tonnes when dived, according to IHS Jane's Fighting Ships.

    Equipped with six 533 mm (21 inch) torpedo tubes, weapon loads are likely to be a mix of anti-ship missiles, such as the YJ-82, and heavyweight torpedoes, such as the Yu-6.

    Although not officially confirmed, most sources believe that the Yuan class has a conventional diesel-electric configuration supplemented with an air-independent propulsion (AIP) system.

    The performance of the AIP is unknown but it should be expected to extend the interval between when the submarine has to run the diesel engines to charge the batteries from hours to days. This will enable it to maintain a minimal noise signature and thus makes it more difficult to detect.

    The hulls of the Yuan class are clad with anechoic tiles, to minimise any return echoes when pinged by active sonars.

    Establishing an accurate picture of the number of submarines built for China's People's Liberation Army Navy (PLAN) presents some difficulties. The PLAN is more secretive about its submarine force than about other platforms and the absence of pennant numbers in most photographs makes identification and monitoring the build/disposal programme susceptible to errors.

    Most sources agree, however, that the first four Yuan-class submarines were of the same design (Type 039A) and entered service between 2006 and 2010.

    (334 of 575 words)

  8. #378

    UDT Asia: China to upgrade undersea sensors

    11th January 2017 - 12:00

    by Gordon Arthur in Hong Kong



    China is believed to be expanding an underwater sensor network, which was established beginning from October 2014, in the Western Pacific to better suit its military needs.

    According to a Xinhua article published on 1 January, China has a civilian network of hundreds of buoys, ostensibly for scientific purposes, tethered up to 400-500m deep in the Western Pacific. They measure climate change parameters and currents.

    However, some analysts suspect that a similar military undersea network is already in use by China to enhance submarine communications.

    Xinhua reported that the scientific sensors will be upgraded in 2017, allowing them to feed data directly back to China via satellite technology. According to Wang Fan, deputy director of the Institute of Oceanology at the Chinese Academy of Sciences, currently their data can only be gleaned by manually collecting hard drives once a year.

    However, the updated deep-sea buoys will transmit data via a cable or wireless sound waves to surface anchor points, where it can be picked up by satellites. In quiet waters, wireless communication can achieve a range of 10,000m, but this drops dramatically in noisy environments.

    There is great potential for such technology to permit submarines to communicate better when far from base without having to surface. Submarines could also make use of sensor data such as temperature and salinity to optimise their underwater performance.

    However, one challenge to master will be lowering buoy power consumption for satellite communications.

    Lockheed Martin has investigated similar technology in conjunction with Erapsco and Ultra Electronics. In 2010 it was publicised that the US company was developing three types of expendable communication buoy for submarines.

    Meanwhile, Atlas Elektronik UK filed a patent in August 2012 for an invention that ‘relates to a communication buoy, and a method of deployment thereof, to provide communications with a submerged vehicle or installation’.

    These buoys may also be able to detect and record the passage of foreign submarines. The idea of such an underwater network to monitor foreign naval activity is obviously a priority for China.

    In late 2015 the journal China Ocean News detailed a concept for an ‘undersea Great Wall’. The article acknowledged Chinese underwater tracking capabilities were weak.

    It is understood that China tested elements of such a subsea observation system near Qingdao in 2010, and another installation near Hainan in 2011. Two other projects have been implemented, one near Shanghai and another at Zhairuoshan Island.

    While these are coastal systems, there is a national security imperative to extend China’s monitoring range. Therefore, the article posited that systems should cover ‘the near seas, the depths of the far seas, and around islands bordering the far seas, as well as in strategic passages and such areas’.

    The China State Shipbuilding Corporation (CSSC) unveiled such a network of ship and subsurface sensors to detect hostile submarines in 2015.

    Labelled the 'Underwater Great Wall Project', components included towed array sonars, underwater sensors, underwater unmanned systems, surface ships, satellites, anti-submarine patrol aircraft, submarines, electronic intelligence systems, anti-frogman systems and data processing centres.

    Additionally, at the DSA 2016 defence exhibition in Kuala Lumpur, the China Electronic Technology Corporation (CETC) promoted a ‘Reef Defence System’ similar in concept to CSSC’s project.

    Seeing that China is making such surveillance systems available for export, it indicates that some aspects are mature.

    Deployment of a networked surveillance system in the South China Sea must be considered a priority for China to greatly improve its control of waters there. Its concern about foreign presence was epitomised by its seizure of a US Navy UUV there last month.

  9. #379

    PLAN commissions another intelligence-gathering ship

    Andrew Tate, London - IHS Jane's Defence Weekly

    11 January 2017


    China's latest intelligence-gathering ship was commissioned into the PLAN's North Sea Fleet on 10 January, according to Chinese media reports. Source: Via sina.com

    China's latest intelligence-gathering ship was commissioned into the North Sea Fleet of the People's Liberation Army Navy (PLAN) at a ceremony in Qingdao on 10 January, according to Chinese news media reports.

    Named Kaiyangxing (pennant number 856), the vessel was built at the Hudong-Zhonghua Shipyard in Shanghai and is the fourth of the Dongdiao class (Type 815) to be commissioned in the past two years.

    The first of the six 6,000-tonne ships currently in service with the PLAN was commissioned in 1999. Subsequent vessels have had changes made to their superstructure and masts, and are generally referred to as Type 815A.

    The ships have a highly distinctive profile with very large spherical radomes, which are likely to be covering sensitive dish antennas for intercepting and collecting very low-power radio signals.

    There are differences between the ships in the configuration of the antennas and Kaiyangxing has a unique flat-topped cylindrical radome above the bridge.

    The six vessels in service are allocated evenly between the PLAN's North, East, and South Sea fleets.

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  10. #380

    New PLA Navy Ship Unveiled

    (Source: China Daily; published Jan 12, 2017)

    The People's Liberation Army Navy has commissioned a new electronic reconnaissance ship, a PLA Navy media outlet reported on Wednesday in a rare move that also made public the composition of the nation's electronic intelligence fleet.

    The CNS Kaiyangxing, or Mizar, with hull code 856, was delivered to a combat support flotilla of the North Sea Fleet on Tuesday morning in Qingdao, Shandong province, Modern Navy said on its WeChat account on Wednesday.

    The Kaiyangxing is capable of conducting all-weather, round-the-clock reconnaissance on multiple and different targets, the report said, adding that the ship is so sophisticated that only a few countries, such as the United States and Russia, are capable of developing it.

    Modern Navy said the PLA Navy now operates six electronic reconnaissance vessels - Beijixing (Polaris), Tianwangxing (Uranus), Tianlangxing (Sirius), Haiwangxing (Neptune), Kaiyangxing (Mizar) and another whose name has not been revealed and is only known by its hull code of 855. It also gave specific information about the ships such as their capabilities and functions.

    Until now, the PLA Navy has never made public so many details about its intelligence collection ships.

    The Kaiyangxing is a Type 815A electronic reconnaissance ship, which has a full displacement of 6,000 metric tons and a maximum speed of 20 knots, or 37 kilometers per hour, according to the Modern Navy report, which added that it is equipped with three small-caliber naval guns.

    An expert from China's shipbuilding industry who wished not to be named told China Daily that the US Navy deploys at least 15 intelligence collection ships, while China still lags behind in this regard.

    "The fact that we are facing an increasing number of difficulties when we safeguard our maritime interests means that we require more reconnaissance ships to support the PLA Navy's operations on the open sea," he said. "In addition, our future carrier battle groups also need such vessels that can provide various kinds of theater intelligence."

    In 2016, the PLA Navy commissioned a total of 18 ships, including a Type 052D guided missile destroyer, three Type 054A guided missile frigates and six Type 056 corvettes.

    These ships have a total displacement of 150,000 tons, roughly half of the overall displacement of the Royal Navy.

    China is now building a domestically designed aircraft carrier in Dalian, Liaoning province. According to Defense Ministry spokesman Yang Yujun, the new carrier will have a displacement of 50,000 tons and will deploy domestically developed J-15 fighter jets.

    -ends-

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