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Thread: Indian Global Relationships

  1. #31

    India, Japan eye deeper defence ties to counter China

    By Agence France-Presse -November 1, 2016

    Prime Minister Narendra Modi will visit Japan next month for an annual summit, India said Friday, with the Asian giants expected to deepen defence ties to counter an assertive China and ink a civil nuclear deal.

    Modi will have an audience with Emperor Akihito and hold talks with his Japanese counterpart Shinzo Abe during the two-day visit starting on November 11, the foreign ministry said.

    The two men, both right-wing nationalists and economic reformers, have forged an unusually close relationship since the Indian leader came to power in 2014.

    In a statement India’s foreign ministry said the meeting would be “an occasion for the two leaders to have in-depth exchanges on bilateral, regional and global issues of mutual interest”, without giving details.

    Media reports said they may sign a civil nuclear cooperation pact after failing to do so at their last meeting, citing outstanding technical and legal differences.

    The long-mooted agreement is expected to allow Japan to export its nuclear plant technologies to the subcontinent.

    Japan has in the past shunned civil nuclear cooperation with India, which has not ratified the international Non-Proliferation Treaty, but appears to have softened its stance.

    Closer defence and security ties, including joint maritime exercises, are also likely to be on the agenda.

    China is expanding its deep-water naval presence and has staked claims to disputed areas of the East and South China Sea and Indian Ocean region, parts of which Japan also claims.

    India has a longstanding territorial dispute with China, and troops from the two countries engaged in a major stand-off at the border in 2014.

    Tokyo has its own spat with Beijing over islands in the East China Sea, and is increasingly vocal over its ambitions to control almost the whole of the South China Sea.

    Modi visited Japan in August 2014 on his first bilateral trip outside South Asia months after coming to power.

    Subsequently Abe paid a two-day visit to India last December when both premiers agreed on a slew of deals, including India’s first bullet train, defence technology and civil nuclear cooperation.

    Read more: http://www.defencetalk.com/india-jap...#ixzz4OjU273VZ

  2. #32

    Purchase of Chinese Subs by Bangladesh 'An Act of Provocation' Toward India

    By: Vivek Raghuvanshi, November 23, 2016

    NEW DELHI — Ever since Bangladesh took delivery of Chinese submarines on Nov. 14, analysts in India have expressed increasing concern over a deepening of China's footprint in India's friendly neighbor.

    The arrival of the submarines comes as Indian Defence*Minister Manohar Parrikar prepares to visit Dhaka on Nov. 30 to upgrade defense*ties between the neighboring countries.

    Bangladesh took delivery of the first of the two submarines purchased from China at a cost of $203 million. The Type 035G diesel-electric submarines, armed with torpedoes and mines, are capable of attacking enemy ships and submarines.

    Analysts say the sale of the subs is part of a strategy meant to encircle India.

    "Given Bangladesh's economic situation and the fact that it is surrounded on three sides by India, the acquisition of submarines is not only illogical but actually an act of provocation as far as India is
    concerned. Submarines are offensive weapons of sea denial and their only use would be to pose a threat in being for India and to complicate the latter's maritime security paradigm, said Arun Prakash, a retired Indian Navy admiral and former service chief.

    "Obviously this transfer is a step further in China's strategy of encircling India with its client states," Prakash added.

    However, Bharat Karnad, a research professor at the India-based think tank Centre for Policy Research, disagreed.

    "No, it is just a good, economical deal Dhaka could not pass up," Karnad said. "But the Modi government will have to ensure it does not fetch Beijing strategic benefits."

    "It is difficult to fathom why Bangladesh, which does not encounter any conventional maritime-military threat, has inducted submarines in its navy. The maritime disputes between Bangladesh and two of its only maritime neighbors, Myanmar and India, were resolved through international arbitration in 2012 and 2014, respectively," said Gurpreet Khurana, an Indian Navy captain and executive director of the National Maritime Foundation.

    Swaran Singh, a professor for diplomacy and disarmament at Jawaharlal Nehru University in India, said: "Bangladesh Navy has always been [the] beneficiary of Chinese transfers, but [the] transfer of submarine means major upgradation of their defense cooperation and would contribute to South Asia becoming a far more contested space infested with new weapon systems."

    During Chinese President Xi Jinping's visit to Bangladesh in October 2016, Bangladesh and China agreed to elevate their relationship from a " comprehensive partnership of cooperation" to a " strategic partnership," which "raises concern here," said an Indian Ministry of Defence (MoD) official.

    Diplomats of the Bangladesh High Commission here were unavailable for*comment.

    China has emerged as a major supplier of arms for the Bangladesh Army but also a destination for its officers to receive training.

    Bangladesh is modernizing it armed forces and procuring weapons from overseas. "The delivery of the first Chinese submarine will make the country (Bangladesh) dependent for more arms from China," a senior Indian Army official said.

    India is also boosting its defense ties. Parrikar, during his two-day visit to Bangladesh next week, is likely to "upgrade its bilateral defense cooperation," the MoD official said. India is contemplating supplying offshore patrol vehicles with an easy financial package to Bangladesh as part of the defense cooperation, the official added.

    "Bangladesh is our neighbor, and its strategic importance cannot be understated in any way. Such events as the purchase of submarines by Bangladesh greatly enhances the mistrust between the countries and steps must be taken to reduce this gap and prevent Bangladesh from playing the China card repeatedly," said Probal Ghosh, a senior fellow at the Observer Research Foundation, an organization dedicated to leading political and policy discussions in India.

    Though India and Bangladesh have very cordial relations under the*ruling dispensation in Dhaka, the two countries have yet to settle on a water-sharing treaty, which has proven to be a major irritant in Indo-Bangladesh ties.
    Last edited by buglerbilly; 23-11-16 at 06:06 PM.

  3. #33

    Jesus, if the Indian Navy can't deal with a 45 year old sub design, then they should surrender now.

    It is by will alone I set my mind in motion.
    It is by the juice of sapho that thoughts acquire speed,
    the lips acquire stains, the stains become a warning.
    It is by will alone I set my mind in motion.

  4. #34

    Steam Punk comes to mind, and that's only the noise it makes!

  5. #35

    India to Train Vietnam’s Sukhoi Fighter Pilots

    (Source: Hindustan Times; published Dec 06, 2016)

    By Dinakar Peri

    In a sign of growing defense ties between the two countries, India has agreed to train Vietnamese fighter pilots. Both countries’ air forces operate the Sukhoi Su-30MK fighter, seen here is Vietnamese markings. (Baodatviet photo)

    NEW DELHI --- In a further boost to its growing defence ties with Vietnam, India has agreed to train the southeast nation’s Sukhoi-30 fighter pilots.

    The agreement was reached during bilateral discussions between Defence Minister Manohar Parrikar and his Vietnamese counterpart, General Ngo Xuan Lich, here on Monday.

    Details under discussion

    India and Vietnam have been steadily stepping up their cooperation, especially in the defence sector, against the backdrop of the growing assertiveness of China in the region.

    Bilateral ties recently received a further fillip when Prime Minister Narendra Modi visited Vietnam in September, on his way to the G-20 Summit in Guangzhou.

    Both India and Vietnam operate Russian Su-30 jets and the two countries’ models differ slightly in their configuration.

    India already trains Vietnamese sailors in operating Kilo class submarines, which Hanoi had begun inducting since January 2014. India operates over 200 Su-30MKI fighters and nine Kilo-class diesel electric submarines.

    “Details are being worked out. Their pilots will be trained here. The two Air Forces will now sit and work out the numbers and scope. It should start fairly quickly,” a defence source said.

    The cost of training is being worked out. However, it will not be paid through the $500 million Line of Credit (LoC) extended by Delhi to Hanoi for defence procurements.

    “The terms and conditions of the LoC have been agreed upon. Vietnam has sought some concessions, to which we agreed. Some of it will be for modernisation of the existing equipment and the rest for new platforms,” sources said. An agreement would soon be signed by Exim Bank, after which the projects would be identified.

    MoU signed

    A programme for cooperation between the Air Forces was also signed. A senior official said that it covered a cross-section of activities, including training of pilots and exchange of experts. “Vietnam is interested in our experiences in repair and maintenance,” the official said.

    A memorandum of understanding was signed on peacekeeping as well as exchange of delegations. Mr. Parrikar offered “India’s partnership as a reliable player in terms of transfer of technology and building a local defence industry”. The two Ministers were learnt to have discussed the regional situation and taken note of their converging interests.

    Officials said Gen. Lich was positive on the progress made following Mr. Parrikar’s visit to Hanoi in June. Underscoring the importance of the visit, the Minister is being accompanied by a 30-member delegation, the largest so far to have accompanied him on a foreign visit. It includes the chiefs of the Air Force and the Navy and the Deputy Chief of General Staff.


  6. #36

    Decommissioned Military Hardware – A Potential Diplomatic Asset for India

    (Source: Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses; issued Jan 10, 2017)

    India’s efforts to increase its arms exports have, to date, met with limited success. This is not entirely surprising as India is an unknown quantity in arms manufacturing on the global scene, despite its robust domestic industry and the substantial production undertaken to date.

    It is noteworthy that the Republic of Korea (South Korea) has also made a serious foray into arms exports with much greater success in part because of the strategy it employed whereby decommissioned military equipment was donated to countries in South-East Asia and Latin America, refurbished and placed into service in the recipient countries.

    India could learn from this example as it has, in the recent past, decommissioned a number of items that could be gainfully be used as “gifts” to African and Latin American nations in order to forge greater ties and, possibly, influence in those countries.

    South Korea made gifts of F-5A fighter aircraft to the Philippines, Chamsuri class Fast-Attack-Craft to the Philippines, Ghana, Bangladesh and Timor-Leste, and corvettes of the Dong-Hae and Pohang classes to Colombia and Peru respectively. In several of these countries, South Korea was able to follow-up such gifts with sales, such as FA-50 trainer/fighters to the Philippines, KT-1 trainers to Peru and a warship to Bangladesh.

    South Korea is by no means the only country to employ such methods, with countries such as Israel, South Africa and the United States being notable examples. In the case of the former two, transfers of decommissioned equipment was usually for money, albeit at much discounted prices.

    Israel has sold decommissioned 3 Sa’ar 4 class missile boats to Chile and 2 to Sri Lanka, as wells as 2 Sa’ar 4.5 class vessels to Mexico while surplus Dabur class vessels now serve with Argentina, Chile, Fiji, Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua. In addition, captured, used and then decommissioned T-55 tanks, after overhaul and upgrade, were sold in their Ti-67 incarnation to Uruguay where they constitute the backbone of that country’s armoured strength.

    Israel’s exports of combat aircraft included the IAI Nesher to Argentina and later, a small number of Kfirs C.2s to Sri Lanka, Colombia, and Ecuador. In more recent times, and despite their age (over 30 years – plus time in storage), Israel was able to sell upgraded Kfirs – now to C.10 standard – to Colombia and Ecuador after overhaul and refurbishment at a unit price of USD 20 million.

    These aircraft now form the backbone of the Colombian air combat strength and are an important part of Ecuador’s air force. South Africa has followed in a similar vein with sales of Atlas Cheetahs – aircraft heavily based on the Kfir – to Ecuador despite the fact that each airframe was over 22 years old at the time of sale.

    The United States and the Netherlands also have a long history of supplying surplus hardware to the countries of Latin America with warships, coast guard patrol vessels, maritime reconnaissance and transport aircraft being among the principle items transferred or sold. The United States donated and/or sold significant numbers of F-5E fighter planes and Cessna A-37 attack aircraft to the countries of Central and South America but was, subsequently, unwilling to transfer any combat aircraft more modern than the F-5, except for a small number of F-16s to Venezuela and Chile. In addition, the Netherlands sold Chile a number of surplus F-16s between 2004-2008.

    With Latin American armed forces now operating an eclectic mix of aircraft, tanks and ships decommissioned from their host countries, a similar situation can be found in Africa where large numbers of tanks from the former Soviet-bloc have entered service with armies in the region. Patrol boats have been transferred from Germany, France and the United States, as well as used combat aircraft and helicopters from Russia, Belarus, Georgia and Ukraine (including 12 Su-30Ks formerly of the Indian Air Force to Angola).

    South Africa has sold a number of vintage Mirage F.1s (in service for some 30 years followed by a period in open storage) to Gabon and the Republic of Congo. Even Jordan has entered the fray with a sale of F-5Es to Kenya, which have subsequently seen extensive service during Operation Linda Nchi in Somalia.

    In each of these cases, the sale or gift of arms has the potential of increasing the influence of the donor/vendor country in the recipient country. The disposal of decommissioned weapons in this way thus represents a low-cost, low-risk approach towards building influence and enhancing cooperation. It is an approach that India should seek to follow with more vigour.

    India has made some tentative steps in this direction with gifts of OPVs to Sri Lanka, helicopters to Nepal, Maldives, Bhutan, and Mauritius, and, in more recent times, T-55 tanks and Mi-25 gunships to Afghanistan. However, it is suggested that India should follow the South Korean example and sell or donate surplus military hardware – and broaden the spectrum of equipment that it transfers to countries outside of its immediate neighbourhood with the intended aim of increasing its influence in those regions as well as laying the foundation for Indian arms exports in the future.

    India has a variety of products that could find eager recipients provided India does not view the arrangements as transactional. If the aim is to increase influence, India may, like South Korea, have to make gifts of hardware or offer items at very low prices in order to achieve its objectives. In addition, India must be prepared to refurbish and overhaul items before transfer. While South Korea and the United States charge fees for this – as low as USD 1 for South Korean Chamsuri class fast-attack-craft and as high as USD 8.5 million for American Hamilton class Offshore Patrol Vessels (OPVs) – Israel charges as much as USD 20 million for overhauled, refurbished and upgraded Kfir fighter aircraft. India will have to gauge its potential recipients and set prices, if sales are to be made, accordingly.

    The obvious question would be what can India offer? India’s decommissioned Vijayanta tanks could be offered either as operational combat vehicles or as a source of spares to the Nigerian army which still operates a force of similar Vickers Mark.3 battle tanks.

    Indian T-55s could be a welcome addition to tank forces in Uruguay, Peru and Ecuador where the T-55 is already in service. Indian Vikram class OPVs could serve as useful assets for countries in Oceania (such as Papua New Guinea), Latin America and Africa where they would join vessels of even older vintage. What is more, India has, over the decades, acquired sufficient expertise at the repair and overhaul of this equipment and possesses a stock of spares that would make the transfer of such military equipment a viable and sustainable option for the recipient countries. It should be noted that in the case of the T-55 and the OPVs, India has the respective types in service so the refurbishment and re-operationalising of decommissioned equipment of their type should not pose any undue difficulties for India.

    The other item that India can consider transferring is combat aircraft. Over the last decade, India has decommissioned significant numbers of MiG-21(-FL, M/MF and -bis variants) and MiG-23 (-MF and -BN variants). While these aircraft have a somewhat unfortunate reputation owing to their high attrition rate in Indian service, the types have served with distinction in Cuba and may prove to be attractive to Central and South American air forces unable to acquire aircraft of the F-5 class.

    Once again, India’s experience of overhauling, refurbishing and maintaining these aircraft, combined with its stock of spares could make transfers of airworthy and refurbished aircraft a possibility. Even countries such as Ethiopia (an operator of the MiG-23BN) and Angola (an operator of the MiG-23MLD) may find additional MiG-23 airframes useful, if only for cannibalization. Needless to say, an assessment would need to be made of airworthy airframes and aircraft which could be brought back to operational status.

    This may result in relatively few aircraft being available for transfer – as the South Africans discovered when their force of 21 Mirage F.1 airframes was found to contain only a dozen recoverable examples. Nonetheless, it is an option that is worth exploring.

    India has little use for its substantial stock of decommissioned military equipment. However, much of this equipment is still potent and would make a welcome addition to the arsenals of countries which cannot afford new systems. For India, at little cost and at minimal risk, the possibility exists to use the supply of decommissioned systems – tanks, ships, or aircraft – to break into the military markets of Latin America and Africa.

    If India takes the long-term view and supplies this equipment as either gifts or at discounted prices, it could reap dividends in the years ahead.


  7. #37

    Kashmir neighbours install new security chiefs

    Bibhu Prasad Routray and Omar Hamid and Karl Dewey - IHS Jane's Intelligence Review

    17 January 2017

    Pakistani army tanks take part in a military exercise in Khairpur Tamiwali, Pakistan, on 16 November 2016. Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif travelled to the strategic border with India to observe a drill amid escalating tensions with New Delhi over the disputed Kashmir region. Source: PA

    Key Points
    • A series of incidents in 2015 and 2016 called into question India's ability to defend against militant incursions, although its intelligence capabilities against mobile targets appear to have improved.
    • With India maintaining a clandestine network of agents within Pakistan, Islamabad is concerned about New Delhi's intent and capability to disrupt the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor and to support insurgency in Balochistan.
    • Likely future developments in India's intelligence posture include covert operations that seek to punish Pakistan immediately after any terrorist attack in India and aggressive targeting of Pakistani espionage within India.

    The strategic tension between nuclear-armed rivals India and Pakistan produced a series of bilateral spats in late 2016. Most notably, a September attack on an Indian army camp near Uri in Kashmir by militants operating out of Pakistan led to purported 'surgical strikes' in retaliation by India; then, in early November, Islamabad accused eight Indian diplomats of terrorism and espionage, following mutual expulsions of diplomatic personnel one week earlier.

    Intelligence operations by both countries underpin the political dynamics, and by the end of 2016 change was afoot on both sides of the border. In December, India appointed Rajiv Jain as the new head of the domestic intelligence agency, the Intelligence Bureau (IB), and Anil Dhasmana to lead the foreign intelligence agency, the Research and Analysis Wing (RAW).

    In the same month, Pakistani prime minister Nawaz Sharif appointed Lieutenant-General Naveed Mukhtar as the new director-general of the powerful Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI). Mukhtar's appointment closely followed the designation of a new chief of army staff, General Qamar Bajwa, potentially signalling that Islamabad may wish to take a different direction on security and regional policy matters.

    The range of bilateral challenges pitting the two countries against each other - from the contested territory of Kashmir to insurgency in Balochistan and the roll-out of the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) - suggests that further clashes could occur in 2017, with the potential for rapid escalation.

    (345 of 4745 words)

  8. #38

    India to deploy newly ordered T-90MS tanks along border with Pakistan

    Rahul Bedi, New Delhi - IHS Jane's Defence Weekly

    20 January 2017

    The Indian Army (IA) plans to deploy about 464 newly ordered T-90MS main battle tanks (MBTs) along India's western and northern borders with Pakistan, military officials told IHS Jane's on 19 January.

    The T-90MS MBTs, which are being acquired in kit form from Russia for INR134.80 billion (USD2 billion), will in the coming years supplement around 850-900 Bhishma MBTs currently deployed in the Indian states of Rajasthan and Punjab, both of which border Pakistan.

    Bhishma is the designation for the Indian variant of the T-90S MBT, the export model of the T-90 MBT in use with the Russian Ground Forces.

    (123 of 330 words)

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