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Thread: Ballistic or demi-ballistic missiles, some posing as Nukes

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  1. #1

    Ballistic or demi-ballistic missiles, some posing as Nukes

    Pakistan Test-Fires Medium-Range Ballistic Missile

    Nov. 28, 2012 - 03:58PM

    By Usman Ansari


    Pakistan conducted a training launch Nov. 28 of the Ghauri/Hatf V medium-range ballistic missile at an undisclosed location. (ISPR)

    ISLAMABAD — Pakistan test-fired its Ghauri/Hatf-V (Vengeance V) medium-range ballistic missile Nov. 28, a liquid-fueled missile that some observers say is not well-suited to Pakistan’s needs.

    According to the military’s Inter Service Public Relations (ISPR) media branch, the Ghauri/Hatf-V was test-fired “by a Strategic Missile Group of the Army Strategic Force Command on the culmination of a field training exercise that was aimed at testing the operational readiness of the Army Strategic Force Command.”

    The test was monitored at the National Command Center by the National Command Authority’s fully automated Strategic Command and Control Support System (SCCSS).

    “The SCCSS enables robust command and control capability of all strategic assets, with round-the-clock situational awareness in a digitized, network-centric environment to decision-makers at the National Command Centre,” the ISRP said.

    Analysts claim the Ghauri, with a range of 1,300 kilometers, is based on the North Korean Nodong-1 ballistic missile, but it is not Pakistan’s most capable delivery asset. They doubt its continuing suitability for Pakistan’s needs.

    Mansoor Ahmed, a lecturer in the Department of Defence and Strategic Studies at Quaid-e-Azam University here, said the Ghauri is not a particularly effective weapon or suited to Pakistan’s operational requirement.

    “Unlike solid-fueled missiles, liquid-fueled ballistic missiles cannot store the fuel for long periods and have to be refueled prior to launch, which takes several hours, thus making them vulnerable to first strikes,” said Ahmed, an expert on Pakistan’s nuclear program and its delivery systems. “Given the relative lack of Pakistan’s strategic depth, such systems are not the first choice in missile systems for nuclear warhead delivery, which explains why the Ghauri remains the only liquid-fueled system in its missile inventory.”

    Ahmed said he agrees the launch was more a test of the readiness of the Army Strategic Force Command and the SCCSS than of the missile itself.

    He also highlighted the missile’s checkered history.

    Despite being announced as a success, the first test of the missile on April 6, 1998, was a failure, with the missile burning up on re-entry. It had to be heavily redesigned and improved by the National Engineering and Scientific Commission, and the National Defense Complex, before it could enter service again.

    “However, the missile’s range has remained constant at 1,300 kilometers over the years, indicating that Pakistan has only one Ghauri system with eight other solid-fueled missile systems,” Ahmed said. “Moreover, a solid-fueled alternate system in the form of Shaheen-1A was recently tested.”

    But the Ghauri is cheaper than solid-fueled missiles, and therefore more expendable when testing launch and control systems, Ahmed said, and it may offer Pakistan a “possible springboard for a space launch vehicle,” akin to the British Blue Streak ballistic missile.

  2. #2

    Prithvi missiles to be replaced by more-capable Prahar: DRDO

    PTI


    A surface-to-surface ballistic missile Prithvi II. File Photo courtesy: DRDO

    New Delhi, Jun 30: Seeking to enhance its precision strike capabilities, India is planning to replace its 150 km-range Prithvi ballistic missiles with the newly developed quick reaction Prahar missiles.

    “We are withdrawing the tactical 150 km-range Prithvi missiles and will replace them with the Prahar missiles, which are more capable and have more accuracy,” DRDO chief Avinash Chander told PTI here.

    The tactical versions of the Prithvi missiles would be withdrawn from service and will be upgraded to be used for longer ranges, he said.

    The DRDO Chief said after the withdrawal of the tactical ballistic missiles from service, there would be a gap in strike capabilities in the range of 100 to 150 km-range.

    “The Prahar missile would be used to fill up that gap,” he said.

    The 150 km-range ‘Prahar’ is a single-stage missile and is fuelled by solid propellants. It was first test-fired by DRDO in mid-2011 from its range in Odisha.

    The uniqueness of the missile system is that it can be fired in the salvo mode also from one launcher vehicle in which four missiles can be fired in one go.

    This short-range missile would be an ‘excellent weapon’ which would fill the gap between the 90 km-range of the Smerch multi-barrel rocket launchers and guided missiles like ’Prithvi’, which can strike at 250 km to 350 km range.

    The under-development Prahar missile would be offered to the Army for user trials very soon and after its acceptance, it is planned to be part of its Corps of Artillery.

    The Prithvi missiles were developed by India under its Integrated Missile Development Programme in the 1980s. The ballistic missile was developed with multiple strike ranges from 150 km to 350 km.

    The longer ranges are planned to be in service with both the Army and the IAF.

    (This article was published on June 30, 2013)

  3. #3

    Saudis target Iran and Israel at missile base

    DateJuly 11, 2013 - 11:28AM


    Image showing two circular launch pads, #1 pointing in direction of Israel, and #2 pointing in direction of Iran. Photo: Jane's/DigitalGlobe

    Saudi Arabia is targeting Israel and Iran with powerful ballistic missiles, new satellite photography suggests.

    Images analysed by experts at IHS Jane's Intelligence Review have revealed a hitherto undisclosed surface-to-surface missile base deep in the Saudi desert, capable of hitting both countries.

    The Chinese-made missiles are not remotely guided and have to be aimed at their target before firing.

    The analysts spotted two launch pads with markings pointing north-west towards Tel Aviv and north-east towards Tehran. They are designed for Saudi Arabia's arsenal of lorry-launched DF3 missiles, which have a range of 1500 to 2500 miles (2400 km to 4023 km) and can carry a two-ton payload.

    The base, believed to have been built within the past five years, gives an insight into Saudi strategic thinking at a time of heightened tensions in the Gulf. While Saudi Arabia does not have formal diplomatic relations with Israel, it has long maintained back-channel communications as part of attempts to promote stability in the region.

    The two countries also have a mutual enemy in Iran, which has long seen Saudi Arabia as a rival power in the Gulf. Experts fear that if Iran obtains a nuclear weapon, Saudi Arabia would seek to follow suit.

    Analysts at IHS Jane's believe that the kingdom is in the process of upgrading its missiles, although even the DF3, which dates back to the Eighties, is potentially big enough to carry a nuclear device.

    The missile base, which is at al-Watah, about 125 miles (201 kilometres) south-west of the capital, Riyadh, was discovered during a project by IHS Jane's to update its assessment of Saudi Arabia's military capabilities.

    It serves as both a training and launch facility, with the missiles stored in an underground silo built into a rocky hillside. To the north of the facility are two circular launch pads, both with compass-style markings showing the precise direction that the launchers should fire in.

    The Chinese-made missiles are not remotely guided and have to be aimed at their target before firing.

    "One appears to be aligned on a bearing of approximately 301 degrees and suggesting a potential Israeli target, and the other is oriented along an azimuth [bearing] of approximately 10 degrees, ostensibly situated to target Iranian locations," said the IHS Jane's article, which is published on Thursday.

    While the lorry-launched missiles could theoretically be fired from any location, the idea of having pre-planned directional markers was to ensure that they could be deployed in accurate fashion as quickly as possible, said Allison Puccioni, an image expert at IHS Jane's.

    "There is a marked out spot for the launch truck to park in, which will facilitate an expedited launch," she said.

    Robert Munks, deputy editor of IHS Jane's Intelligence Review, said: "Our assessment suggests that this base is either partly or fully operational, with the launch pads pointing in the directions of Israel and Iran respectively.

    "We cannot be certain that the missiles are pointed specifically at Tel Aviv and Tehran themselves, but if they were to be launched, you would expect them to be targeting major cities.

    "We do not want to make too many inferences about the Saudi strategy, but clearly Saudi Arabia does not enjoy good relations with either Iran or Israel."

    Officials at the Saudi embassy in London did not respond when contacted by The Daily Telegraph.

    The Israeli embassy in London said: "We have no comment on this matter".

    David Butter, an associate fellow with the Middle East and North Africa programme at Chatham House, a London-based foreign affairs think tank, said: "It would seem that they are looking towards some sort of deterrent capability, which is an obvious thing for them to be doing, given that Iran too is developing its own ballistic missiles."

    He added, though, that the Saudis would know that the site would come to the attention of foreign intelligence agencies, and that the missile pad pointed in the direction of Israel could partly be just "for show".

    "It would give the Iranians the impression that they were not being exclusively targeted, and would also allow the Saudis to suggest to the rest of the Arab world that they still consider Israel a threat."

    Oil-rich Saudi Arabia considers itself one of the pre-eminent powers in the Gulf region, but its Sunni Islam leadership has long been at loggerheads with the Shia mullahs of Iran.

    The conflict in Syria, in which Saudi Arabia has backed the Sunni-dominated rebels and Iran has backed the Shia-dominated regime of President Bashar al-Assad, has heightened fears of a wider sectarian conflict.

    A confidential diplomatic cable revealed in the "Wiki-Leaks" disclosures of 2010 said that King Abdullah of Saudi Arabia repeatedly exhorted the United States to launch military strikes against Iran's nuclear programme and "cut off the head of the snake".

    The Telegraph, London

    Read more: http://www.smh.com.au/world/saudis-t...#ixzz2YhuY8v00

  4. #4

    Ministry: Israel Tests Rocket System

    Jul. 12, 2013 - 11:52AM

    By AGENCE FRANCE-PRESSE

    JERUSALEM — Israel on Friday staged what it said was a planned test of a rocket propulsion system at a military base on the Mediterranean coast.

    Israeli media, citing analysts, said the test appeared to be of a version of the Jericho ballistic missile with a range of at least 5,000 kilometers (3,100 miles), easily capable of hitting arch-foe Iran.

    “This morning, Israel conducted a launching test from the Palmachim base of a rocket propulsion system,” the Israeli defense ministry said in a brief statement.

    “The scheduled test was pre-planned by Israel’s ministry of defense and was carried out as expected,” it said without elaborating.

    In January 2008, Israel successfully test-fired a long-range ballistic missile, days after warning “all options” were open to prevent Iran from obtaining an atomic weapon.

    Israel’s Jericho ground-to-ground missile is believed to be capable of carrying a nuclear, chemical or biological warhead.

    Israel was last believed to have tested its propulsion system in November 2011.

    Israel and Western governments fear that Iran’s nuclear program masks a drive for an atomic weapon.

    Iran denies any such ambition and insists its nuclear program is for power generation and medical purposes only.

    Israel is widely considered to be the Middle East’s sole if undeclared nuclear power with an estimated arsenal of 200 warheads.

    The test came as Israeli public radio said Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and Finance Minister Yair Lapid met defense officials Friday to discuss proposed budget cuts to conventional forces.

    Reports say that as part of overall cuts in government spending, reductions are planned in the number of tanks, ships and planes, as well as the dismissal of thousands of career servicemen over the next year.

    The radio said that Netanyahu had not yet given his approval.

  5. #5

    India Planning Two Agni-V Test Firings This Year

    By Jay Menon

    Source: Aerospace Daily & Defense Report


    July 18, 2013
    Credit: DRDO


    NEW DELHI — India’s Agni-V ballistic missile will be tested twice this year before being inducted into the country’s armed forces toward the end of 2014.

    The Agni-V, an intercontinental ballistic missile designed to hit targets at distances of up to 5,000 km (3,100 mi.), was test-fired in April 2012.

    This year India’s Defense and Research Development Organization (DRDO) will carry out two more tests, “the first most likely in September, which would be followed by a second test at the end of the year,” a DRDO official tells Aviation Week. “These are among DRDO’s high-priority missions. Our aim is to make the missile ready for induction by 2014.”

    The second test will be carried out from a tightly sealed canister mounted on a launcher truck, the DRDO official says.

    A canister-launch system will “provide the forces the requisite operational flexibility to swiftly transport the ballistic missile and launch it from a place of their choosing,” he explains.

    The missile was initially planned to be tested in May, but was delayed due to heavy rains.

    “The trials are usually avoided when sea is rough and weather is not conducive,” the DRDO official says. “We conduct thousands of tests through simulation in our labs under different conditions. The actual flight trials are to confirm what is predicted in simulation tests matches the algorithms.”

    A nuclear-tipped, three-stage missile, the Agni-V was developed by DRDO at a cost of more than 2.5 billion rupees ($48.4 million).

    It is 17.5 meters (57 ft.) tall with a launch weight of 50 tons. The missile is powered by solid propellants and can be transported by road.

    The successful 2012 test of the missile brought India closer to joining the small group of nations — including the U.S., China, Russia, the U.K. and France — with the capability to deploy intercontinental ballistic missiles.

    India is also developing the sixth in its series of Agni ballistic missiles that will be capable of carrying multiple warheads. While Agni-V can carry up to three nuclear warheads, Agni-VI will carry up to 10.

    India has said its missile program is not directed against any country.

    Agni, meaning fire in Hindi and Sanskrit, is a rocket family India has tested since 2002.

    In 2010, India successfully test-fired Agni-II, an intermediate-range ballistic missile with a range of more than 2,000 km (1,250 mi.).

  6. #6

    Israel Tests Enhanced Ballistic Missile

    By Alon Ben David

    Source: Aviation Week & Space Technology

    July 29, 2013



    Under a veil of secrecy, Israel appears to have taken another step toward boosting the range and accuracy of its ballistic missiles. A recent test fire of a weapon believed to be an improved version of the nuclear-capable Jericho III was deemed “highly successful,” by myriad defense sources.

    The weapon was launched westbound from the missile test center at Palmachim AFB, south of Tel Aviv, to an unknown range and landed in the Mediterranean. The launch of the heavy missile was clearly visible throughout Israel's southern Mediterranean coast.

    The Israeli Ministry of Defense declined to comment and issued a short statement saying merely that it had tested a “rocket propulsion system.”

    “The scheduled test was pre-planned . . . and was carried out as expected,” the press release stated.

    Reportedly, Israel's Jericho III intermediate-range ballistic missile is capable of carrying a 1,000-kg (2,204-lb.) warhead more than 5,000 km. It is believed to be designed to carry nuclear warheads.

    Israel had never confirmed having nuclear military capabilities, nor has it admitted possessing an arsenal of ballistic missiles. But in 2008, the country launched what appeared to be a three-stage solid-propellant ballistic missile. Apart from defining it as a “dramatic leap” in missile capabilities, little else was said officially. However, analysts around the world have designated the missile as Jericho III, a heavier, longer-range version of its predecessor, the two-stage 1,500-km Jericho II.

    Israel had begun developing ballistic missiles in the 1960s with the assistance of France, which also provided it with the Dimona nuclear reactor. The first prototype introduced then was the Jericho I short-range ballistic missile, with a range of 500 km. The Jericho II was first tested in 1986 and is believed to have become operational shortly after.

    Almost immediately following that event, Israel introduced the Shavit satellite launch vehicle (SLV), which was apparently developed in parallel to the Jericho. The Shavit 1 three-stage SLV was used in 1988 to launch the experimental Ofeq-1 satellite and placed it in low Earth orbit. After three failures of the Shavit, Israel developed an improved SLV, the Shavit-2, used to launch the Ofeq-7 reconnaissance satellite in 2007 and the Ofeq-9 in 2010.

    The Jericho III is believed to be derived from the Shavit-2 SLV, developed and manufactured by IAI's MLM Div., with Israel Military Industries Givon Div. developing the rocket engine for the first and second stage, and Rafael Advanced Defense Systems Ltd. producing the engine for the third stage.

    Perceived to be the only nuclear power in the Middle East, Israel has vowed to prevent its archenemy Iran from obtaining nuclear capabilities.

  7. #7
    Supreme Overlord ARH v.4.0's Avatar
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    From what I've read elsewhere, the missile has a CEP of 500 meters, reduced from 2000 meters, so it's not exactly a 'high precision' weapon.
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  8. #8

    India’s Nirbhay cruise missile test aborted after 700 seconds

    Posted in Research on October 17th, 2015

    India’s third attempt at testing its indigenous Nirbhay cruise missile has failed again after the weapon was launched at 11:38 a.m. local time on Oct. 16 from the Integrated Test Range.


    Photo: DRDO

  9. #9

    KEPD Land-launched proposal................


  10. #10

    US ICBM replacement to soon emerge, officials seek SLBM commonality

    Daniel Wasserbly, Washington, DC - IHS Jane's Defence Weekly

    22 October 2015


    The Boeing Minuteman III ICBM was first deployed in the 1970s, though it has since been upgraded. Source: US Air Force

    The US Air Force's (USAF's) plans for replacing the Boeing LGM-30G Minuteman III intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM) are being formed now, and the solution could have some commonality with future US Navy (USN) submarine-launched ballistic missiles (SLBMs).

    The Ground-Based Strategic Deterrent (GBSD) programme - previously known as Minuteman IV - is now undergoing an analysis of alternatives to determine specific attributes, Admiral Cecil Haney, head of US Strategic Command, told reporters during a 22 October breakfast meeting.

    Once that is done the programme will move through the requirements process and eventually a request for proposals (RfP) would be released, perhaps sometime this year.

    "In terms of commonality, I have signed a letter along with [USN acquisition executive] Sean Stackley and [USAF acquisition executive] William LaPlante such that we do look at a common approach where we can associate with a future missile," Adm Haney said.

    ICBMs and SLBMs are somewhat different systems, but he noted that commonality is possible in the warhead - and some work on that has been done already - and common approaches are possible for certain components on the missile. "These are discussions that are starting, it's not matured but it's work that's ongoing right now," he said.

    GBSD so far appears to be emerging as an iterative effort for replacing the ageing ICBMs, but maintaining much of the infrastructure and associated components. Some of this will be done through replacements or through upgrades.

    (261 of 388 words)

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