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Thread: Singaporean Navy 2011 and onwards

  1. #21

    Singapore, US navies successfully conclude joint TORPEX during CARAT Singapore 2014

    Kelvin Wong, Singapore - IHS Jane's Defence Weekly

    10 August 2014

    A Sikorsky MH-60R Seahawk takes off from the Arleigh Burke-class Aegis destroyer USS Wayne E Meyer with a recoverable exercise torpedo. Source: US Navy

    Key Points

    • The Republic of Singapore Navy and United States Navy have conducted a combined torpedo firing during the bilateral 'CARAT Singapore 2014' exercise
    • The complexity of the combined torpedo firing demonstrated the high level of interoperability and trust between the two navies

    The Republic of Singapore Navy (RSN) and United States Navy (USN) conducted a combined torpedo firing exercise (TORPEX) as part of a joint anti-submarine warfare (ASW) mission during the 'Co-operation Afloat Readiness and Training' ('CARAT') exercise on 6 August, the Singapore Ministry of Defence (MINDEF) announced.

    RSS Stalwart fires a recoverable exercise torpedo in a combined anti-submarine warfare exercise during 'CARAT Singapore 2014'. (Republic of Singapore Navy)

    During the combined TORPEX, which was the central event of 'CARAT Singapore 2014', the RSN's Formidable-class frigate RSS Stalwart fired an exercise torpedo against an "underwater transponder target". Two naval helicopters - an S-70B Seahawk from the RSS Formidable and a MH-60R Seahawk Romeo from the USN's Arleigh Burke (Flight IIA)-class guided missile destroyer USS Wayne E Meyer - also launched exercise torpedoes against the same target.

    Rear Admiral Charles Williams, commander of USN 7th Fleet's Combined Task Force 73 (CTF-73), told IHS Jane's on 8 August that ASW missions are challenging even for well-trained and equipped naval forces, given the complex "sensor to shooter" chain - which involves multiple air and surface units - as well as the difficulties of finding and tracking a stealthy target over a potentially large area.

    "If you know nothing else about ASW, suffice it to say that it's very difficult. Getting the detect-to-engage sequence right requires methodical analysis of multiple information streams and co-ordination of surface, air, and if you're lucky, subsurface assets," he said.

    Details of the underwater target were not disclosed by MINDEF, although both navies confirmed it was "less predictable" and "more challenging" than the pre-programmed profile of Mk 39 Expendable Mobile ASW Training Target (EMATT) vehicles typically employed to train crews aboard ASW-equipped air and surface platforms.

    Developed by Lockheed Martin Mission Systems and Training, the EMATT is a sonobuoy-sized underwater vehicle measuring 915 mm long and 124 mm wide, and weighing 10 kg. It travels underwater at a depth of 23-183 m, transmitting active sonar signals that simulate the echo from an actual submarine. The vehicle can reach a top speed of 8 kt and has a maximum endurance of six hours.

    Detailing the sequence of the TORPEX event, Lieutenant Commander Clay Doss, a spokesperson for CTF-73, told IHS Jane's that the exercise started with a simulated torpedo firing by the underwater target - which took on a role of a hostile submarine - against the participating surface forces. First to respond to the simulated threat was RSS Stalwart , which fired a recoverable exercise torpedo and guided the Formidable 's S-70B helicopter to the last known co-ordinates of the target. Gaining a positive track on the target, the S-70B launched its own exercise torpedo.

    Following the RSN torpedo firings, Wayne E Meyer vectored its embarked MH-60R helicopter to the target's location, which subsequently launched the third and final exercise torpedo. With this launch, the surface forces detected simulated subsurface "primary and secondary explosions", indicating the successful destruction of the simulated target and the conclusion of the TORPEX.

    "During this time, all of the surface vessels were using their active and passive sonar systems to track the target and assess whether the torpedoes made contact," Lt Cdr Doss said.

    Sailors from the USS Wayne E Meyer recover an exercise torpedo after a successful launch by the destroyer's embarked MH-60R naval helicopter during'CARAT Singapore 2014'. (US Navy)

    Marshalling other assets in a joint operation adds another level of complexity to ASW missions, he said. "Employing a combined task force makes it even harder because you have to communicate between assets of two different navies, assess and analyse all the incoming information, and make decisions [through multiple channels] in a very fluid environment," he said.

    Senior Lieutenant Colonel Desmond Low, commanding officer of Stalwart , said that the exercise "underscores the high level of interoperability between both navies in complex maritime operations".

    Adm Williams added that "with 20 years of practice during CARAT, it's no surprise that our navies work together easily during very difficult evolutions".

    Held annually since 1995, 'CARAT' is a series of bilateral naval exercises conducted by the USN's 7th Fleet with several Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) members and other South Asian nations. CARAT participant countries currently include Bangladesh, Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, and Timor-Leste.

    'CARAT Singapore 2014' finished on 8 August, and involved two submarines, five naval helicopters, six ships, nine fixed-wing aircraft, and 1,400 personnel from both countries.


    While the Singapore phase of the 'CARAT' exercise series typically features a wide spectrum of high end naval missions such as air defence, anti-surface (ASuW), and anti-submarine warfare (ASW), the specific focus of this year's ASW exercise, with a complex combined torpedo drill, is likely to hold greater significance beyond a demonstration of enhanced interoperability and trust between the Singapore and US navies.

    Asia-Pacific countries have shown a keen interest in the acquisition of submarines in recent years - particularly small, manoeuvrable diesel-electric platforms (SSKs) equipped with air-independent propulsion (AIP) systems that enhance their underwater endurance - and IHS Jane's forecasts that more than 80 new submarines could be acquired by Australia, China, India, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, Pakistan, South Korea, Taiwan, and Vietnam by 2022.

    While Lt Cdr Doss did not specify whether the TORPEX scenario simulated a hostile SSK operating in Southeast Asia's littoral waters, he noted that the shallow depths and high ambient noise from dense shipping traffic in the region add "another level of complexity" to ASW operations.

    Moreover, 'CARAT Singapore 2014' has afforded the USN an opportunity to once again train with (and against) one of the RSN's two AIP-equipped Archer-class SSKs - which are optimised for littoral operations - in these challenging conditions. MINDEF declined to disclose which of the two Archer SSKs was involved in this year's exercise, although a spokesperson told IHS Jane's that the submarine participated in tactical free-play with the USN's surface and subsurface assets.

    The ASW focus was made even more pronounced with the inaugural deployment of the USN's latest Boeing P-8A multimission maritime aircraft, which took on airborne command and control as well as surveillance duties during the exercise. It is not known if the P-8A played an active ASW role against the Archer SSK during the tactical free-play parts of the exercise, but it is hard to imagine that the USN would let such an opportunity slip.

    (1072 words)

  2. #22

    Singapore retires two submarines, launches training centre

    Ridzwan Rahmat, Singapore - IHS Jane's Navy International

    11 March 2015

    The Republic of Singapore Navy (RSN) has retired two Challenger (ex-Sjöormen)-class submarines, the country's Ministry of Defence (MINDEF) announced on 11 March.

    RSN submariners undergoing helmsman training in one of the training facilities housed in the new Submarine Training Centre. (Singapore Ministry of Defence)

    The vessels, RSS Centurion and RSS Challenger , were originally in service with the Royal Swedish Navy (RSwN) as HMS Sjöormen and HMS Sjöbjörnen and re-launched in May 1999 and September 1997 respectively. Singapore acquired four Type A 12 Sjöormen-class submarines in the mid-1990s to give the RSN its first experience of submarine operations.

    The 51 m vessels, which can reach a top speed of 20 kt while submerged, are equipped with four 533 mm and two 400 mm torpedo tubes, according to IHS Jane's Fighting Ships .

    (110 of 274 words)

  3. #23

    IMDEX 2015: RSN to fit final Formidable-class frigate with Thales fire-control radar

    Ridzwan Rahmat, Singapore - IHS Jane's Defence Weekly

    18 May 2015

    RSS Intrepid at Pearl Harbor during the 'RIMPAC 2014' exercise. The vessel will be the last of six frigates to be installed with the Thales STIR 1.2 EO Mk 2 radar and electro-optical fire control director system. Source: IHS/Ridzwan Rahmat

    The Republic of Singapore Navy (RSN) is to equip the last of its six Formidable-class guided-missile frigates with the Thales STIR 1.2 EO Mk 2 radar and electro-optical fire-control director system, a senior RSN official confirmed with IHS Jane's at the IMDEX 2015 exhibition.

    The system has been progressively introduced to the class since around 2013, with the only vessel yet to receive the fit being second-in-class RSS Intrepid (69), said the official during a tour of the frigate at Changi Naval Base. " Intrepid will be the last one to be equipped with the system and is currently preparing for the installation", said the official. No timeline was given, however, for when work will be complete.

    According to IHS Jane's C4ISR & Mission Systems: Maritime , the STIR EO Mk 2 system has the ability to detect and track agile and stealthy targets in densely cluttered environments, such as those encountered in littoral waters.

    The system provides fire-control for naval guns, such as the Oto Melara 76/62 Super Rapid gun currently fitted to the Formidable-class ships. The STIR EO Mk 2 can also be integrated with a continuous wave illumination transmitter to support the guidance of semi-active homing weapons.

    Besides the STIR EO Mk 2 system, the Formidable-class frigates are also equipped with the Thales Herakles E/F-band multifunction radar that provides surveillance, target indication, and missile guidance support.

    (252 of 296 words)

  4. #24

    Singapore selects VL MICA-M for Independence-class warships

    Posted in Air Defense, Industry, Navy on July 4th, 2015

    Singapore will be latest operator of the MICA anti-air missile when its new Independence-class Littoral Mission Vessel (LMV) enters service.

  5. #25

    Singapore navy showcases operational variant of its stealthy, high-speed naval interceptor

    Kelvin Wong, Singapore - IHS Jane's Defence Weekly

    25 November 2015

    The Type 1 model of the Specialised Marine Craft was officially unveiled in the lead-up to Singapore's National Day celebration in August 2015. This model has been employed as a testbed for technology and operating concepts. Source: IHS/Kelvin Wong

    Key Points

    • The Republic of Singapore Navy disclosed further details of its naval interceptor development programme during a media event on 25 November
    • The Specialised Marine Craft, which is operated by the navy's Specialised Craft Group, is specially designed to undertake a range of maritime security missions

    Fresh details of the Republic of Singapore Navy's (RSN's) stealthy naval interceptor development programme were revealed during a media event at the service's primary facility of Changi Naval Base on 25 November.

    The new interceptor, called the Specialised Marine Craft (SMC), made its public debut during the country's National Day celebration on 9 August as part of the military display aimed at showcasing the Singapore Armed Forces' latest capabilities. The SMC replaces the service's 20 tonne Fast Boat inshore patrol craft, which were delivered from 1990 and subsequently retired in 2008.

    Lieutenant Colonel Tan Say Yong, head of the RSN's Specialised Craft Group (SCG) that operates the SMC and one of the key architects involved in its development, said the SMC's primary role is to perform inshore and coastal interception of threats at sea as one of the service's surface assets within its multi-layered and networked maritime security defence architecture

    Design improvements informed by the development of the Specialised Marine Craft Type 1 have been incorporated into the operational Type 2 model, seen here approaching the pier after a demonstration sortie. (IHS/Kelvin Wong)

    The SMC is also designed to perform base defence for the country's main naval operations facilities, force protection for other RSN assets, as well as participate in wider maritime security operations with the service's Fearless-class patrol vessels and future Littoral Mission Vessels.

    The craft is operated by a lean crew complement of only four personnel - comprising a commander, coxswain, navigator, and weapons/communications specialist - as a result of extensive human-factor engineering that enables the crew to access critical information and functions from multifunction, reconfigurable consoles assigned to each personnel.

    The Type 2 model is longer and wider than the original, and features an Oto Melara Hitrole G stabilised weapon mount for surface engagements. (IHS/Kelvin Wong)

    IHS Jane's has learnt that the RSN currently operates two distinct variants of the aluminium-hulled craft, which are designated by the SCG as the Type 1 and Type 2 models.

    (340 of 983 words)

  6. #26

    ST Marine lays keel for Singapore's third Littoral Mission Vessel

    Ridzwan Rahmat, Singapore - IHS Jane's Navy International

    24 January 2016

    Key Points

    • Singapore has laid down its third Independence-class vessel
    • Republic of Singapore Navy is on track to operate all eight platforms by 2020

    Singapore shipbuilder ST Marine has laid down the third of eight Independence-class Littoral Mission Vessels (LMVs) on order for the Republic of Singapore Navy (RSN), a company representative told IHS Jane's on 25 January.

    The RSN's first-of-class LMV, Independence, during its launch ceremony on 3 July 2015. Third vessel in the class was launched on 26 November 2015. (IHS/Ridzwan Rahmat)

    A keel-laying ceremony for the 1,200-tonne vessel on 26 November 2015 at ST Marine's shipyard in Jurong was attended by the country's chief of defence force, Major General Perry Lim, and navy chief Rear Admiral Lai Chung Han.

    ST Marine is building all eight vessels under a contract announced in January 2013 to replace the RSN's 11 Fearless-class patrol vessels that have been in service since the mid-1990s.

    (126 of 422 words)

  7. #27

    RSN Missile Corvette Conducts Successful Live Firing of Barak Missile

    (Source: Singapore Ministry of Defence; issued March 24, 2016)

    The Republic of Singapore’s Navy Victory-class missile corvette, RSS Vigour, conducting a live firing of a Barak anti-missile missile during the fleet exercise. (S’Pore MoD photo)

    Minister for Defence Dr Ng Eng Hen visited a Fleet Exercise conducted by the Republic of Singapore Navy (RSN) in the South China Sea on 22 March 2016. During the visit, Dr Ng witnessed the successful live firing of a Barak anti-missile missile from the RSN's Victory-class missile corvette RSS Vigour.

    Dr Ng was also briefed by Colonel Edwin Leong, Commanding Officer of the RSN's Missile Corvette Squadron, on the conduct of the exercise and the capabilities of the missile corvette.

    Speaking after the exercise, Dr Ng commended the RSN personnel's professionalism and commitment to maintaining operational readiness and ensuring mission success.

    He said, "I watched the entire live firing from another ship alongside. It was deeply satisfying to see the system work like clockwork. It detected and tracked the target and launched the Barak missile to hit spot-on. It gives us confidence that all our investments into sophisticated systems will be able to defend Singapore, when we need to."

    Dr Ng was hosted during the visit by Chief of Navy Rear-Admiral Lai Chung Han, and accompanied by Chief of Defence Force Major-General Perry Lim as well as other senior officials from MINDEF and the RSN.


  8. #28

    Singapore receives first LMV

    27th May 2016 - 11:02 by Chen Chuanren in Singapore

    Singapore receives first LMV

    The Republic of Singapore Navy (RSN) took delivery of its first Littoral Mission Vessel (LMV), RSS Independence, from shipbuilder ST Marine on 26 May.

    Independence, launched on 3 July 2015, completed harbour trials and platform acceptance tests prior to delivery to Tuas Naval Base, where it will belong to 182 Squadron of the Maritime Security Task Force.

    After having completed installation of all combat and sensor systems, the next step for Independence will be installation, checkout, integration and testing (ICIT), according to Singapore’s Ministry of Defence.

    From photos released, it can be seen that Independence has been fitted with an OTO Melera Super Rapid 76mm main gun, 12.7mm OTO Melera Hitrole, water cannons and a stack mast housing the Thales NS100 3D surveillance radar.

    Independence will be commissioned next year. The RSN has eight LMVs on order, all of which are expected to be fully operational by 2020.

  9. #29

    I have to say that of the three SAF, the Navy is the lowest profile of the three.

    Army bases are everywhere and you see helo's overflying almost everywhere.

    The Air Force is up training most days and you get to see them overflying the island, but the Navy is very low profile by comparison.

    It is by will alone I set my mind in motion.
    It is by the juice of sapho that thoughts acquire speed,
    the lips acquire stains, the stains become a warning.
    It is by will alone I set my mind in motion.

  10. #30

    Singapore navy reveals bold plans

    30th June 2016 - 11:00 by Chen Chuanren in Singapore

    Singapore navy reveals bold plans

    The Ministry of Defence has revealed major ambitions for the Republic of Singapore Navy (RSN) in coming years.

    In a Singapore Armed Forces (SAF) Day interview on 28 June, Defence Minister Ng Eng Hen revealed the RSN is working towards replacing mine-clearing operations with a fully unmanned fleet, making it one of the first in the world to do so.

    ‘I would say this is part aspiration, part delivered,’ he said, citing REMUS autonomous underwater vehicles that are already in service. The RSN has also begun trials of the ST Electronics Venus 16 unmanned surface vehicle for mine countermeasures duties.

    This announcement may see the potential retirement of four recently upgraded Bedok-class MCMVs from frontline operations, or their conversion into a USV tender.

    The SAF is leveraging technology and unmanned systems to overcome a manpower crunch in the sea service.

    Ng also reiterated that the current Endurance-class LST needs to be replaced after nearly 20 years in service.

    ‘We learned that missions are getting more complex and further afield,’ he said. He has called for a larger ship more capable of projecting and controlling helicopter assets, in the form of a Joint Multi-Mission Ship (JMMS). This is something he first announced in 2014. He added that it is still in the design and conceptualisation phase, with Singapore looking at both off-the-shelf and locally built solutions.

    The Independence-class Littoral Mission Vessel (LMV) is on track, and the third hull, Unity, will be launched this year. The lead ship Independence is due to be commissioned in mid-2017.

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