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  1. #241

    Turkey Won't Link Air Defense System to NATO

    By Burak Ege Bekdil 10:15 a.m. EST February 19, 2015

    (Photo: ADEM ALTAN, AFP)

    ANKARA — The Turkish government has announced that it will not integrate its planned long-range air and anti-missile defense system with NATO assets stationed in the country.

    In reply to a parliamentary question motion, Defense Minister Ismet Yilmaz said Feb. 19 that the system would instead be integrated with the national systems. "It will be used without being integrated with NATO systems," Yilmaz said in a written statement.

    He said that the integration of the planned system with the Turkish Armed Forces' command-and-control structure would be done locally by a company authorized by the government.

    Yilmaz said that the program would be paid for by foreign financing and that there were no new bids from the contenders.

    In September 2013, Turkey selected China Precision Machinery Import-Export Corp. (CPMIEC) for a $3.44 billion offer. About half of Turkey's network-based air defense picture has been paid for by NATO. The country is part of NATO's air defense ground environment. Without NATO's consent, it will be impossible for Turkey to make the planned Chinese system operable with these assets, some analysts say.

    NATO and US officials have said any Chinese-built system could not be integrated with Turkey's joint air defense assets with NATO and the United States. They also have warned that any Turkish company that acts as local subcontractor in the program would face serious US sanctions because CPMIEC has been sanctioned under the Iran, North Korea and Syria Nonproliferation Act.

    After increased pressure from NATO allies, Ankara opened parallel talks with the second- and third-comers in the bidding — the European Eurosam, maker of the Aster 30, and the US Raytheon/Lockheed Martin, offering the Patriot system.

    In September, for a fifth time, Turkey extended the deadline for all three bidders to Dec. 31. The Jan. 7 decision to extend the deadline for another six months is the sixth extension.

    The Turkish program consists of radar, launcher and interceptor missiles. It has been designed to counter enemy aircraft and missiles. Turkey has no long-range air defense systems.

    Email: bbekdil@defensenews.com.

  2. #242

    UAE partners with European firm to launch new missile systems

    Anthony McAuley

    February 21, 2015 Updated: February 21, 2015 08:33 PM

    UAE defence companies and MBDA, a European missile maker, are jointly launching three new missile defence systems for the Middle East market at the International Defence Exhibition in Abu Dhabi.

    The three joint initiatives together cost about €100 million (Dh418m) to develop, and comprise a ship-based missile system, a mobile ground-to-air defence system and a coastal defence battery.

    The market for defence products in the region is expected to remain fairly robust, despite the pressure on budgets because of weaker oil prices, said Florent Duleux, the Middle East vice president for MBDA.

    “Budgets in the region may be revised in the coming year, however the instability in the region and emerging threats mean that countries will have to stay focused on security,” Mr Duleux said. “I think the threats remain too strong at the moment for any major cutting of defence budgets.”

    MBDA is a joint venture between BAE Systems in the UK, Airbus in France (each with 37.5 per cent) and Italy’s Finmeccanica (which owns the remaining 25 per cent of the venture).

    The company vies with America’s Raytheon for the top spot in worldwide missile exports, excluding closed markets in the US and Russia.

    The joint venture had total sales last year of €4 billion, of which €2.5bn were exported outside Europe, and half of its exports were to countries in the Middle East. Mr Duleux said MBDA expects exports to increase this year and next, driven by the Middle East.

    Two of MBDA’s new missile programmes have been jointly developed at Abu Dhabi’s Al Fattan shipyard with the oilfield services firm Siham Al Khaleej, and the system will be marketed soon to naval defence buyers in the region, Mr Duleux said.

    One is called the Sea Spear and is based on the Brimstone missile system, which is designed to have a firing capability against fast, smaller incoming seaborne attack craft, which are familiar in Arabian Gulf waters.

    The other joint programme at Al Fattan is a coastal battery anti-ship system based on MBDA’s Marte missile. This is already in the inventory of the UAE armed forces and will be marketed jointly in the region shortly.

    Mr Duleux said MBDA is also launching an air defence system with Nimr Automotive, the armoured vehicle division of Tawazun Group, which merged into the Emirates Defence Industries Company in December.

    This is a system based on the Mistral 3 missile and is the “ultimate layer of defence”, Mr Duleux said, which means it is for short-range defence against aircraft that have eluded the longer range defence systems.

    Buyers in at least three GCC countries already have expressed interest in the new integrated products, Mr Duleux said.


  3. #243

    Raytheon unveils extended range AMRAAM

    AMRAAM-ER, NASAMS launcher will provide robust ground based air defense

    ABU DHABI, United Arab Emirates, Feb. 22, 2015 /PRNewswire/ -- Raytheon Company (NYSE: RTN) has begun development on an extended range variant of the combat-proven Advanced Medium Range Air to Air Missile (AMRAAM®). Designed specifically for ground-based air defense, AMRAAM-ER will enable intercepts at longer range and higher altitudes.

    "With AMRAAM-ER, Raytheon is rewriting the book on ground-based air defense. The new missile will be even faster and more maneuverable than the current AMRAAM," said Mike Jarrett, Raytheon vice president of Air Warfare Systems. "By leveraging many existing AMRAAM components, Raytheon can deliver AMRAAM-ER quickly and affordably with very low risk."

    Raytheon will integrate AMRAAM-ER into the NASAMS launcher.

    NASAMS is the latest and most modern Medium Range Air Defense system. In partnership with KONGSBERG, Raytheon has delivered more than 70 fire units to seven countries. It is the most commonly used Short and Medium Range Air Defense System in NATO.

    "Combined with the NASAMS launcher, AMRAAM-ER will provide a new level of protection to customers," said Ralph Acaba, vice president of Integrated Air and Missile Defense at Raytheon's Integrated Defense Systems business. "NASAMS is one of the most easily manned, trained, and maintained systems in the world."

    Fielded in Norway for more than a decade, NASAMS is operationally deployed in the U.S. National Capital Region, Spain, Finland, the Netherlands, and an undisclosed country. It is also in production for Oman under a contract received last year.

    Raytheon plans to flight test AMRAAM-ER before the end of the year.

    About AMRAAM
    AMRAAM® is a combat-proven missile that demonstrates operational flexibility in both air-to-air and surface-launch scenarios and provides today's military forces with enhanced operational capability, cost effectiveness and future growth options/solutions. Procured by 36 countries, the combat-proven AMRAAM® has been integrated on the F-15, F-16, F/A-18, F-22, Typhoon, Gripen, Tornado, Harrier, F-4 and the Joint Strike Fighter aircraft. It is also the baseline missile for the NATO-approved National Advanced Surface-to-Air Missile System.

    About NASAMS
    NASAMS is a highly adaptable medium range solution for any operational air defense requirement. The system provides the air defender with a tailorable, state-of-the-art defense system that can maximize their ability to quickly identify, engage and destroy current and evolving enemy aircraft, unmanned aerial vehicle or emerging cruise missile threats.

  4. #244

    Published: Sunday, 22 February 2015 18:17

    MBDA and NIMR Automotive LLC unveil new Hafeet ADV air defence vehicle at IDEX 2015

    MBDA and NIMR Automotive LLC, a light-medium weight military vehicle manufacturer based in Abu Dhabi, UAE and part of the Emirates Defence Industries Company (EDIC), an integrated national defence and services manufacturing platform, have entered into a commercial partnership to address a requirement of the Emirates Defence Forces for a high efficiency V-SHORAD air defence system. They chose IDEX 2015 to unveil the new Hafeet ADV air defence vehicle.

    MBDA and NIMR Automotive LLC new air defence vehicle solution, the Hafeet ADV

    The new HAFEET ADV proposed by the two companies features the MBDA MPCS (Multi Purpose Combat System including a turret, sensors, IFF, Mistral missiles, command & firing posts and shelter equipment) that would be installed on NIMR’s latest HAFEET 640A all-terrain light armoured vehicle platform.

    The combination of the MPCS equipped with MBDA’s latest generation Mistral missiles and of the NIMR vehicle would provide an unmatched mobile air defence capability allowing protection of convoys, armoured brigades in their manoeuvers as well as any land infrastructure or assets. The two companies have already completed preliminary engineering studies and are in the stage of integrating the full system if ordered. Most of the HAFEET ADV components already exist and are modular.

    MBDA and and NIMR Automotive LLC Hafeet ADV

    Already in service in several forces in the world, the MPCS turret comprises a gyro-stabilized day/thermal sensor suite with integrated laser rangefinder. With four ready-to-fire, fire and forget, IR Mistral missiles, the HAFEET ADV enables the interception of a large spectrum of threats (high manoeuvering fighters, combat helicopters, UAV, UCAV, cruise missiles) at ranges exceeding 6 km and altitudes up to 5,000 m.

    NIMR CEO Dr Fahad Saif Harhara stated “The HAFEET ADV concept is based on NIMR 6x6 tactical platform which combines high levels of mobility and protection to provide a multi-role platform for a broad spectrum of mission requirements”.

    The MPCS system allows for low crew workload and short reaction time to provide Air Defence Forces with an outstanding high fire power against stressing attacks: a unit of six HAFEET ADVs can engage up to 24 different targets coming from any direction in less than 20 seconds with a reload capability of 48 Mistral missiles (8 additional Mistral missiles inside the HAFEET ADV shelter).

    The HAFEET ADV can be operated in autonomous mode or in coordinated mode with MBDA’s latest generation of MCP (Mistral Coordination Post) equipped with 3D radar. HAFEET ADV can be operated by a two or three man crew including a team leader and is air transportable.

  5. #245
    Senior Member
    Join Date
    Jan 2010
    Central Europe

    Still consider it a nice system and ... every customer who buys the MPCS is squarely in the spotlight to also buy the MMP.

  6. #246

    Russia Offers Iran New Missiles Despite Sanctions

    Agence France-Presse 7:11 p.m. EST February 23, 2015

    (Photo: Getty)

    MOSCOW — Russia has offered Iran advanced surface-to-air missiles after scrapping a similar deal in 2010 because of UN sanctions over Tehran's nuclear program, the state defense company said Monday.

    Any such a deal is likely to go down badly in Washington as Western countries seek to keep up the pressure on Iran to agree a comprehensive deal on its nuclear activities.

    Sergei Chemezov, head of the Rostec corporation which manages Russia's defense industry, said Moscow has offered to supply Antey-2500 missiles, an upgraded version of the S-300 air defense system that figured in the previous contract.

    "We have offered them the Antey-2500," Chemezov was quoted as saying by RIA-Novosti news agency.

    But he added: "The decision has not been made yet."

    Moscow signed a contract in 2007 to deliver S-300 missiles to Iran worth $800 million.

    The deal was intensely criticized by the United States and Israel, and Moscow later dropped it as being in breach of UN sanctions.

    A UN resolution adopted in 2010 bans the supply, sale or transfer to Iran of missiles or missiles systems.

    Chemezov said the Antey-2500 is a more modern version of the S-300, which Russia no longer makes. The same surface-to-air missiles were reportedly delivered to Venezuela in 2013.

    Now under Western sanctions itself over the conflict in Ukraine, Russia — a permanent member of the UN Security Council — has strengthened its alliance with Iran.

    During a visit to Tehran by Russia's defence minister last month, the two countries signed a military cooperation agreement touted as a joint response to US "interference".

  7. #247

    IDEX 2015: Extended range air defence fires up

    23rd February 2015 - 12:08 by Tim Fish in Abu Dhabi

    IDEX 2015: Extended range air defence fires up

    Raytheon is developing a new extended range (ER) variant of the AMRAAM (AIM-120 Advanced Medium-Range Air-to-Air Missile) for ground air defence in partnership with Kongsberg.

    The AMRAAM-ER is part of the latest evolution of the company’s NASAMS launcher, Hans Christian Hagen, vice president of business development of Kongsberg’s Integrated Defence System, told Shephard at IDEX in Abu Dhabi.

    Development work on the missile started in 2014 and the AMRAAM-ER uses the guidance system of the standard AMRAAM but married to the ESSM launcher to give it the additional range and altitude.

    The additional range and altitude could not be disclosed but it is thought to be similar in capability to Raytheon’s MIM-23 Hawk air defence system of 40-50km and up to 45,000ft.

    Ricky Freibert, vice president of business development at Raytheon, told Shephard that a demonstration will take place by the end of the year with production expected by 2019. He added that the algorithms in the guidance section are common with the AMRAAM so when that system evolves so will the ER variant.

    NASAMS is available as a canister launcher system or as mobile one mounted on a 4x4 High Mobility Launcher (HML). Hagen said that there are only small modifications needed to the rail on the launcher because the ER variant is longer and to the control system software. The rail is the same as that on the F-16.

    However, the AMRAAM-ER is heavier than the AMRAAM already fired from the NASAMS. The additional weight means that the HML vehicle used in the mobile system would need adapting to carry the weight, but it would be able to carry two ER missiles in its current form. The HML can carry six standard AMRAAM missiles.

    Hagen said the canister launch NASAMS can hold six missiles each. There are 12 canister launchers in a battalion so it would offer a total of 72 rounds that can be directed at 72 different targets simultaneously if required as it is a fire-and-forget missile.

    He added that the fire direction controllers for the NASAMS launchers are connected together by VHF radio in a network that is almost self-healing, if one node drops out then the launcher can connect to another controller allowing the GBAD system to be spread out over a wide area even in mountainous terrain.

    The AMRAAM-ER is available to all NASAMS users. Oman selected the NASAMS system in January 2014.

  8. #248

    IDEX 2015: Mistral in the running for UAE V-SHORAD requirement

    Jeremy Binnie, Abu Dhabi - IHS Jane's Defence Weekly

    24 February 2015

    The first four MPCS vehicles on Mercedes chassis (badged as Soframe vehicles) seen at an MBDA facility prior to delivery to Saudi Arabia in 2013. Source: MBDA

    MBDA has teamed with Nimr Automotive to submit a version of its Multi-Purpose Combat System (MPCS) for an Emirati Defences Forces requirement for a very short-range air defence system (V-SHORAD).

    MBDA announced, at the IDEX show in Abu Dhabi, that the two companies were developing the Hafeet ADV to meet the requirement for a "high-efficiency V-SHORAD" system.

    The Hafeet ADV is essentially the MPCS, which uses the Mistral short-range missile, mounted on a Nimr Hafeet 640A 6x6 all-terrain light-armoured vehicle.

    MBDA said this combination would provide "an unmatched mobile air defence capability allowing protection of convoys, armoured brigades in their manoeuvres as well as any land infrastructure or assets."

    "The two companies have already completed preliminary engineering studies and are in the stage of integrating the full system if ordered," it added.

    The MPCS turret has a day/thermal sensor suite with a laser rangefinder, four ready-to-fire Mistral infrared guided missiles, and a 12.7 mm gun. MBDA says it can defeat high manoeuvring fighters, combat helicopters, unmanned aerial vehicles, and cruise missiles at ranges exceeding 6 km and altitudes up to 5,000 m.

    A single MPCS can operate independently or in combination with other systems and the radar-equipped Mistral Coordination Post (MCP) vehicle to provide an improved target acquisition capability. MBDA says a unit of six MCPs can engage up to 24 different targets coming from any direction in less than 20 seconds.

    A MBDA official told IHS Jane's that the MPCS had already been integrated with a Mercedes chassis for Saudi Arabia and with a Renault vehicle for another customer that is not the French military.

    Nevertheless, he added that there was still a significant amount of electrical and mechanical integration to be done on the Hafeet ADV.

    Want to read more? For analysis on this article and access to all our insight content, please enquire about our subscription options ihs.com/contact

    (318 of 353 words)

  9. #249

    Published: Tuesday, 24 March 2015 12:02

    Pakistan unveils new Air Defense system FM-90/HQ-7B manufacturing by China

    A distant cousin to CROTALE, which the French sold to the Chinese..............

    During the national military parade held on Monday, March 23, the first in seven years, Pakistan unveils a new short range air defense missile system manufacturing in China. The HQ-7B (export designation: FM-90) is a improved version of the HQ-7 (FM-80) that is a chinese-made version of the French Crotale surface-to-air missile.

    Pakistan unveils new Air Defense sytem FM-90/HQ-7B manufacturing by ChinaHQ-7B/FM-90 unveiled during the National Day Military Parade in Pakistan

    HQ-7B/FM-90 is an all-weather short-range ground to air missile weapon system mainly used in important sites and battle fields air defense against air targets flying at low or very low altitude. It can not only effectively destroy precision guided weapons such as cruise missile, tactical air-to-ground missile and anti-radiation missile, but also intercept fighter-bomber, attack aircraft, UAV and armed helicopters.

    Pakistan unveils new Air Defense sytem FM-90/HQ-7B manufacturing by ChinaHQ-7B/FM-90 was presented with its Acquisition and Co-ordination Unit (ACU) acquisition radar

    The acquisition of this system by Pakistan is not indexed in the Arms Transfers Database of SIPRI that registers all the arms transfers worldwide. HQ-7B/ FM-90 is manufacturing by China National Precision Machinery Import & Export Corporation (CPMIEC).

  10. #250

    Lasers Technology Targets Mini-UAVs

    Mini-UAV threat creates need for practical lasers

    Apr 2, 2015 Bill Sweetman Aviation Week & Space Technology - Defense Technology Edition

    Two German teams are working on a military-funded program that could lead to a world first: an operational air-defense laser. Whether one or both succeed depends on which of two concepts works well enough to earn a place on the front line.

    While Rheinmetall and MBDA Germany use some of the same technology (both companies featured their laser work at February’s IDEX defense show in Abu Dhabi), they take dissimilar approaches to one of the fundamental challenges of using the laser as a weapon: putting a tightly focused dot of energy on target. It is easy to concentrate on the output power of the laser, and many current and historic projects are aimed at new technology for beam-generation (AW&ST Feb. 16-March 1, p. 30).

    But getting enough heat on a target to damage it means having high power, focusing it on one spot and keeping it there as the target moves. Good performance means the weapon can be effective at lower power levels. That is the goal of German research, because it offers the prospect of a true laser weapon using inexpensive and reliable commercial laser sources.

    MBDA’s proposed laser weapon could deliver more than 100 kw on target from multiple fiber lasers.

    This development parallels another trend: the emergence of a serious military threat that may be vulnerable to a laser weapon. Mini unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) provide real-time target tracking, location and strike damage assessment for artillery or rocket attacks, and can act as precision-guided weapons against high-value targets. Not only are they hard to hit with missiles or gunfire, but using missiles against a mini-UAV is expensive.

    That is why one Rheinmetall laser engineer uses a €1 coin ($1.05) to make a point about the company’s weapon. “This is the size of the beam on the target at 1,000 meters (3,300 ft.), and it’s also what one shot costs.”

    Both companies base their systems on commercial fiber-laser modules. These are used in manufacturing for metal cutting and welding, and are efficient, inexpensive and reliable. The laser energy passes through a fiber-optic cable from the beam-former to the optical unit, a good factor for vibration and shock resistance. Germany also leads the industrial laser market. Today, standard laser modules come in 10- and 20-kw versions, which are not enough for a weapon, so the key is the use of optical systems to combine and focus multiple lasers on one spot.

    The main difference between the MBDA and Rheinmetall approaches is that MBDA uses reflective optics and Rheinmetall uses lenses.

    The advantage of mirrors, MBDA argues, is they absorb less energy than lenses, so the optical system can be driven to high power levels without fundamental change. Although tests in 2012 and 2013 used four 10-kw laser modules, the current system easily could go to 80 kw with standard modules. “We are also working with industry on alternate source technologies,” says one engineer, adding that with the right coating technology, “100-150 kw is not a problem.”

    Rheinmetall accepts the power limitations of lenses (although its optical system could run to twice its current power) but says the lens-based optical system is easier to focus and adjust. In its fixed-site/naval demonstrator system, using the same mount as the Mantis counter-rocket, artillery and mortar gun system, three laser projectors are fixed to the trunnion in place of a gun barrel. Internal movements of the optics are used for fine aiming, to focus beams on target and converge the three beams on the same spot at the target’s exact range.

    This has an incidental advantage: The beams diverge beyond the target, so the eye-safety range (the distance beyond the target that has to be confirmed free from people or manned aircraft) is shorter. The potential is also there to use multiple laser turrets against a single target to gain range or achieve a quicker kill.

    The 20-kw ceiling on commercial lasers is economical as much as technical. Industrial users are not calling for greater power, and the defense market, so far, is tiny.

    Solutions to engineering challenges —packaging the system and providing power and cooling—also are underway. MBDA is considering flywheels as alternatives to batteries: The key in either case is to provide instant full power.

    Executives note that the laser offers a graduated response against a loitering UAV: damaging the sensor, dazzling (which, because of the potential to blind a pilot, is not a legal option against a manned aircraft) or destruction. Sensor, dazzling can be effective at very long range. The optics also can be used for long-range identification, complementing the weapon’s ability to deliver a discriminating response.

    A Rheinmetall engineer says mini-UAVs are also a concern for event protection, and a laser can disable or destroy a threat within a 1-km (0.6-mi.) radius.

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