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Thread: Surface-to-Air

  1. #211

    AAD: Sosna nears production

    Jeremy Binnie, Pretoria - IHS Jane's Defence Weekly

    18 September 2014

    The Sosna short-range air-defence system seen mounted on an MT-LB, which was the carrier used for KBtochmash's successful Strela-10 system. Source: KBtochmash

    The Sosna mobile short-range air-defence system will complete its firing trials later this year and production will start for India in 2015, according to Dr Vladimir Slobodchikov, the managing director of technical sciences at Russia's Nudelman Precision Engineering Design Bureau (KBtochmash).

    "There is a final series of trials that will happen in October," he told IHS Jane's at the Africa Aerospace and Defence (AAD) show held in Pretoria on 17-21 September.

    Slobodchikov described the Sosna as the "the last line of defence" against aircraft, precision weapons, and lightly armoured ground targets.

    It uses the same Sosna-R two-stage missile that is used with the company's Palma naval air defence system, which is in service with the Russian and Vietnamese navies.

    This had a range of between 1 and 10 km, Slobodchikov said, and carried two warheads, together weighing 7 kg, and two fuzes. The first rod-fragmentation warhead was to destroy proximity targets, while the second fragmentation warhead was for destroying targets on impact.

    Each Sosna vehicle had 12 ready-to-fire missiles and could be reloaded in 12 minutes, Slobodchikov said.

    The missile is radio-command guided when in its boost phase, after which a laser beam riding guidance system takes over. The optical fire-control system makes the Sosna highly survivable, effective in cluttered environments, and difficult to jam, according to KBtochmash.

    Several Sosna vehicles will typically operate together with a command vehicle carrying a surveillance system to designate targets for the other vehicles.

    Each vehicle could also use its TV and thermal cameras to scan a sector covering 60° in the horizontal and 20° in the azimuth, Slobodchikov said.

    The Sosna also has a passive optical detection capability that provides 360° horizontal coverage and from -5° to 60° in the azimuth.

    Slobodchikov declined to detail the system's detection ranges, but said they were adequate to find targets in sufficient time for a missile to be launched so that the target was destroyed when it was still 10 km away. He also said that the Sosna's autonomous optical sensor system could simultaneously track 50 targets and engage one while moving.

    KBtochmash displayed a model of the Sosna mounted on a MT-LB armoured carrier at AAD, but Slobodchikov said any vehicle of the same size could be used. He said he did not know what vehicle the Indian military would use with its Sosnas.

    (389 words)

  2. #212

    Navy Tests New Vehicle-Mounted Laser Weapon

    by Kris Osborn on September 26, 2014

    The Office of Naval Research is testing a solid-state, vehicle-mounted laser weapon designed to incinerate a range of air and ground targets such as enemy drones, rockets and even IEDs, service officials told Military​.com.

    “Air defense covers rockets, artillery, mortars, UAVs, vehicles and IEDs – anything you can kill with a laser. This program is focused on going after the UAV threat. As we move into the future that broader threat set is fair game,” said Lee Mastroianni, program manager for the so-called Ground-Based Air Defense Directed Energy On-the-Move Program, or GBAD,

    Using volumetric radar, command and control systems and a laser kill platform, the GBAD is a small, compact mobile weapons system designed to integrate onto a HMMWV or Joint Light Tactical Vehicle, said Mastroianni.
    The GBAD is being prepared for a 10-kilowatt laser weapon demonstration in February of next year, Mastroianni explained.

    Upcoming demonstrations are likely to be held at the Naval Surface Warfare Center, Dahlgren, Va., China Lake, Calif., or White Sands Missile Range, N.M.

    “We’ve already done a demo detecting the passing of information to the laser kill platform and tracking and targeting,” he said. “In February we will be doing an end-to-end demonstration using surrogate technologies.

    “As we move into 2016 and 2017, we’ll be working with our objective laser of 30-kilowatts and moving toward actual on-the-move targets. We will move around the battlespace to identify, track and mitigate the targets.”

    The ONR research and development program for the GBAD is slated to finish up by 2017 in order to transition the effort to the Marine Corps. At this point, the plans are to then move the program into an Engineering Manufacturing and Development, or EMD, acquisition phase before heading toward formal production and delivery for operational use.

    Engineering a small, mobile laser weapon of this kind presents a number of technical challenges such as how to sufficiently power and cool the system, Mastroianni added.

    “We are operationalizing lasers that have been in development. The ruggedization, packaging, power and cooling – getting everything into an end-to-end system is where the big leap ahead is,” he said.
    “Power and cooling are two of the larger challenges in order to get rid of all the excess heat. The laser itself is really small.”

    The weapon is designed to provide maneuvering land units with high-tech, low-cost options to destroy targets such as nearby enemy UAVs. Mastroianni explained that solid-state laser technology converts electricity into photons or diodes which fill up the laser cavity, directing heat energy toward targets.

    “This heats up targets. You get a tremendous amount of heat in one location that can cause a number of failures in the material and structure of a target – from burning to melting. This puts a lot of heat into a small area. From a cost-curve perspective this is a more efficient and effective way to go after targets,” he added.

    The laser weapon would be lower-cost than using missiles or guns to attack threats such as an enemy UAS. Also, because the weapon relies purely upon electricity, it would be easier to transport than other kinds of ammunition.

    The volumetric search radar provides the command and control system with a 360-degree area of coverage, allowing the fire control system to pinpoint targets for the weapon. The system is designed to ensure there is a “man-in-the-loop” to decide about when to fire on identified targets, he explained.

    The ONR effort has called upon input from previous investments, studies and technology development initiatives including work by DoD’s High Energy Laser Joint Technology Office, MIT’s Lincoln Laboratory, Penn State Electro-Optics Center and the U.S. Army Space and Missile Defense Command.

    Mastroianni said that the ONR is closely coordinating its developmental efforts with the Army’s laser program with a mind to how best to leverage the technology for the future.

    “As technologies continue to evolve, we can put more power into the laser. This is the first major step toward operationalizing a system,” Mastroianni said.
    “The Army has its High Energy Laser Mobile Demonstrator which is a high-powered, big system. We are dealing with a smaller compact system. Somewhere in the middle is where we will probably meet.”
    ONR continues to work closely with industry on the development of the GBAD system, awarding contracts to as many as seven different vendors.

    The contracts include a $10.7 million deal with Raytheon, $6 million deal with L-3, $400 million deal with the Navitas Advanced Solutions Group, $1.1 million with Advanced Cooling Technologies, $2.2 million with Saze Technologies, $1 million with Equinox Corporation and a $1.1 million deal with Leidos.

    Read more: http://defensetech.org/2014/09/26/na...#ixzz3EU0ASKYX

  3. #213

    Poland to Begin Short Range Air Defence System Procurement in 2016

    (Source: Defence24.com Poland; published Oct 23, 2014)

    WARSAW --- The Polish Ministry of Defence is to start the procedures aiming at acquiring Narew short range anti-aircraft/anti-missile defence system in 2016. The technical dialogue is to be opened in November this year.

    During the meeting of a parliamentary sub-commission which deals with the issues of the Polish defence industry and technical modernization of the Polish Armed Forces, Col. Adam Duda, who is working with the Armament Inspectorate revealed, that a technical dialogue regarding procurement of short range anti-aircraft systems, dubbed Narew, is to start in November this year. Related acquisition procedure is planned to be started in 2016.

    Colonel Duda also stated that, until the end of next year, basic tactical and technical assumptions will be determined along with a feasibility study. The technical dialogue is to be completed, according to the plans, during the first quarter of 2015, and the talks will only involve the companies offering “complex solutions”, since the Polish MoD is interested in procuring a “complete system, not its individual components”. I

    The issue of acquiring the Narew system has also been raised by the MoD secretary of state, Czesław Mroczek, who said that the “proceedings will be executed in 2016, and the Narew system supplier is to be selected”.

    The representative of the Armament Inspectorate has listed the missile systems, which have a chance of being considered: Kongsberg NASAMS, MBDA Mica VL, Israeli Spyder and Iron Dome systems and the German IRIS-T. He claimed though that “other solutions” may also be taken into account during the proceedings.

    During the meeting of the sub-commission Marek Borejko, who is the leader of the air defence programme in the Polish Armament Group, stated that in accordance with the results of the study which has been carried out, the Polish armament industry is capable of developing 100% of technologies needed to realize the Narew programme, within the scope of communication, command and sensor systems. However, in order to supply a proper missile in short period of time, indicated in the requirements of MoD, cooperation with a foreign partner may be desired. Marek Borejko stated that the Polish industry is ready to play a significant part in realization of Wisła and Narew programmes.

    Marek Borejko said that Kub, Osa or Neva SAM systems used in the Polish Army are mostly managed by Polish-made command and control systems, and use target information, which is transferred to them from Polish-made radar stations. In the eyes of the Polish Armament Group, Narew project, contrary to the Wisła programme, is perfectly suited to be realized by Polish industry, in cooperation with foreign partners as well as research and development units.

    Borejko has also pointed out the fact that if Polish industry creates the short range system, then the tax budget income will go up, also in case of any operation costs that may occur after the actual procurement. He claimed that in case of creating a proper solution within the scope of technology transfer, contrary to the Wisłą programme, the Polish industry may obtain additional capabilities during development works on the short range Narew system.


  4. #214
    Senior Member
    Join Date
    Jan 2010
    Central Europe

    Question is whether Poland is considering Narew entirely separate from the acquisition of a medium range air Defence system ... MBDA (Mica VL & SAMP/T Mamba) or Diehl/Lockheed Martin (IRIS-T SL & MEADS) would strike me as the better air & missile defence rather than the Israeli solutions.

  5. #215

    I'd say they are considering it separate...............read below from DiD...........

    If Necessary, Alone: The Shield of Poland

    Oct 23, 2014 18:38 UTC by Defense Industry Daily staff

    RNoAF: NASAMS-II components

    NAREW competition timeline, and the shortlist has a couple of changes.

    Oct 23/14: NAREW. Col. Adam Duda of Poland’s Armament Inspectorate outlines their candidates and timelines for the NAREW medium-range air defense system. The technical dialogue will begin in November 2014, for completion in Q1 2015. They believe that Poland can continue to provide all of its own command and control systems, but basic tactical and technical assumptions, and feasibility studies, will continue until the end of 2015. The winning system would be picked in 2016. Poland is only looking at complete system packages, and announced candidates include:

    “Kongsberg NASAMS, MBDA Mica VL, Israeli Spyder and Iron Dome systems and the German IRIS-T. [Duda] claimed though that “other solutions” may also be taken into account during the proceedings.”

    Note the addition of Iron Dome and the absence of MEADS, which was eliminated from WISLA. Germany and Italy are still deciding whether to invest in it independently, however, and the door seems open if those decisions change the landscape. Meanwhile, IRIS-T SL survived as an independent bid, offering and a vertically-launched variant of the infrared-guided air-to-air missile, complete with an enhanced rocket motor, an aerodynamic hood for extended range, a data link, and an autonomous GPS/INS navigation system. That’s paired with an Australian CEAFAR AESA radar, Rheinmetall Air Defence’s Oerlikon Skymaster battle management system, and Terma’s BMD-Flex command, control and communication system. Sources: Defence24, “Poland to Begin Short Range Air Defence System Procurement in 2016″.


  6. #216

    IRIS-T and CEAFAR 3D.................

  7. #217
    Senior Member
    Join Date
    Jan 2010
    Central Europe

    That settles the MEADS-issue. Without Poland, Raytheon´s Patriot upgrade should become more attractive.

  8. #218

    Quote Originally Posted by buglerbilly View Post
    IRIS-T and CEAFAR 3D.................

    That would look great kitting out 16 Air-Land Regiment (or whatever it's called this week).

    Hard to put it on an LHD though I imagine? Maybe they'll just have to 'splurge' on RAM / SeaCeptor or something...

  9. #219

    China develops megawatt laser weapon

    Posted in Research on November 3rd, 2014

    China Academy of Engineering Physics has develop the first megawatt laser weapon this is capable of shooting down micro UAVs flying no higher than 500m and slower than 50m/s.

    Good on them! BUT it offers no significant advantage over a .50cal HMG........!!! At 100 times the cost.............

  10. #220

    IndoDefence: Indonesia examines air defence concepts

    05th November 2014 - 13:32 by Darren Lake in Jakarta

    One of the vehicles on display at this year’s IndoDefence is a tracked missile launcher concept vehicle jointly developed by PT Pindad and the armed forces R&D organisation.

    According to a PT Pindad official, the vehicle is a proof of concept to show how Indonesia might proceed in developing its own mobile air defence capabilities. The tracked chassis has been married to an MBDA launcher.

    The vehicle is being designed as a multipurpose artillery and air defence system and is the first tracked light APC to be developed by PT Pindad. The suspension consists of five small roadwheels with the drive sprocket at the front and the idler at the rear according to reports and it has a water-cooled six-cylinder diesel engine developing 250hp.

    PT Pindad has also looked at integrating MDBA’s Atlas air defence system, based on the Mistral missile, to its Komodo 4x4 vehicle as a rapid mobile air defence system. The Indonesian army is believed to have a requirement for at least 56 systems.

    PT Pindad completed the first prototype of the 4x4 Komodo multirole vehicle in March 2012 and the vehicle was formally named at the IndoDefence exhibition in November 2012. Government officials said at least 240 Komodo vehicles would be built for the Indonesian armed forces and police.

    About 80% of the vehicle's components are produced locally. The monocoque steel hull, which can withstand 7.62mm ammunition, is built by Krakatau Steel. Foreign components include a Renault diesel engine and Michelin tires.

    Atlas is a very short range air defence weapon system that is based on a vehicle mounted twin launcher that fires the Mistral 2 missile. It can be either operated autonomously using a thermal sight and its IFF or integrated to a fire control and co-ordination system such as the Mistral Coordination Post or Improved Missile Control Post.

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